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Full text of "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society"

LIBRARY 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS 

HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

BOSTON 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Federally funded with LSTA funds through the Massachusetts Board of Library Commissioners 



http://archive.org/details/transactionsofma1940mass 



1940 

YEAR BOOK 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 




WITH THE 

ANNUAL REPORTS 
for 1939 



,s 



& 7*?? 



Foreword 

The Committee on Lectures and Publications has 
the honor to present herewith the seventeenth number 
of the Society's Year Book, with which is combined 
the annual reports for the year 1939. 

Elmer D. Merrill, Chairman. 
Boston, Mass. 
May 6, 1940. 



Table of Contents 

Foreword 3 

Officers for 1940 9 

Committees for 1940 11 

Medals and Certificates Awarded in 1939 13 

Special Medal Awards 22 

The George Eobert White Medal of Honor 29 

Activities at Horticultural Hall 30 

The Business Department 30 

The Library at Horticultural Hall 35 

The Flower Show Department 39 

New England Wild Flower Preservation Society ... 44 

Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission .48 

Exhibitions in 1940 52 

Periodicals Received, 1939 53 

Library Accessions 63 

Gifts to the Library 75 

Garden Clubs Not Members of Massachusetts Federation . 78 

Necrology 84 

Annual Meeting, 1940 89 

The President's Address 89 

Report of the Secretary 91 

Report of the Treasurer 94 

Report of the Library Committee 104 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 106 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 110 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of the 

Products of Children's Gardens Ill 

The Result of the Balloting -112 

Corresponding Members 114 



List of Illustrations 

William Ellery 10 

Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge 12 

Display set up for Dr. Thomas Barbour by Louis Cam- 

pagnolo at Fruit and Vegetable Show, 1939 15 

August Koch 22 

Walter D. Brownell . . 22 

Col. R. H. Montgomery .23 

Dr. William A. Taylor 23 

Dr. George T. Moore 24 

Mrs. Elizabeth Peterson 25 

Chrysanthemum garden of Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster 

at Autumn Show, 1939 27 

The Weston Nurseries' exhibit at the 1940 Spring Flower 

Show in Boston 28 

A corner in the library at Horticultural Hall 33 

Mr. James Geehan, advertising manager, Miss Margaret 

Place and Miss Winnifred Corbett 37 

Office of the New England Wild Flower Preservation 

Society, Miss Lily Tobey, secretary 43 

Prize-winning exhibit of the Jamaica Plain High School . 47 
Baskets for delivery to shut-ins from the Benevolent Fruit 

and Flower Mission, 1939 51 

The old mill, Spring Flower Show, 1940 55 

Garden set up by Richard A. Fraser and Edward W. Borst, 

Spring Flower Show, 1940 59 

Bog garden and huntsman's cabin set up by Harlan P. 

Kelsey, Inc., Spring Flower Show, 1940 60 

Garden exhibit of Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, 

Autumn Exhibition. 1939 83 

Rose garden set up by the garden clubs at Boston's Spring 

Flower Show, 1940 86 

Rock garden, set up by Ormond Hamilton at the 1940 

Spring Flower Show, won gold medal 88 

A "thunder house" in the bulb garden of Mr. and Mrs. 

Francis B. Crowninshield, Spring Flower Show, 1940 . 93 
Garden set up by Bay State Nurseries. Spring Show, 1940 . 103 
Amaryllis exhibit which won the President's Cup for 

William T. Walke, Spring Flower Show. 1940 .... 107 
Miss Elizabeth Woolley presenting popularity trophy to 

Harlan P. Kelsev, 1940 * 113 



THE BOARD OF GOVERNMENT 

OF THE 

MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 
SOCIETY 

President 
EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Vice-Presidents 

Oakes Ames 
William Ellery 

Trustees 

*John S. Ames Samuel J. Goddard (1941) 

*Oakes Ames Walter Hunnewell (1943) 

George W. Butterworth (1943) Harlan P. Kelsey (1942) 

Winthrop L. Carter (1943) Elmer D. Merrill (1941) 

Miss Marian R. Case (1942) Harold S. Ross (1941) 

Mrs S. V. R. Crosby (1943) Fletcher Steele (1942) 

Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge (1943) Robert G. Stone (1941) 

Charles K. Cummings (1942) Mrs. Roger S. Warner (1942) 

*William Ellery *Edwin S. Webster 

William P. Wolcott (1941) 

Honorary Trustee 

Mrs. Bayard Thayer 

Treasurer 

John S. Ames 

Assistant Treasurer 

Walter Hunnewell 

Secretary 

Edward I. Farrington 



*Members ex officio. 
Dates given are those of expiration of terms. 




Mr. William Ellery 
Re-elected a vice-president at the annual meeting, May 6, 1940. 



COMMITTEES OF THE SOCIETY 

For the Year Ending May 5, 1941 

Executive Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

OAKES AMES WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Finance Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 
JOHN S. AMES ROBERT G. STONE 

Budget Committee 

EDWIN S. WEBSTER, Chairman 

JOHN S. AMES WILLIAM ELLERY 

OAKES AMES WALTER HUNNEWELL 

Membership Committee 

WINTHROP L. CARTER, Chairman 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

Committee on Exhibitions 

RAY M. KOON, Chairman 
SAMUEL J. GODDARD ELMER D. MERRILL 

SETH L. KELSEY THOMAS MILNE 

Committee on Prizes 

WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT, Chairman 

JOSEPH T. DAVIS WALTER HUNNEWELL 

GEORGE HEWITT EDWARD F. NORBERG 

Committee on Library 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman 
OAKES AMES MRS. S. V. R. CROSBY 

Committee on Lectures and Publications 

ELMER D. MERRILL, Chairman 

MRS. JOHN G. COOLIDGE MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 

Committee on Special Medals 

OAKES AMES, Chairman 
HARLAN P. KELSEY HAROLD S. ROSS 

RAY M. KOON WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Committee on Gardens 

WILLIAM ELLERY, Chairman 

WINTHROP L. CARTER FLETCHER STEELE 

HAROLD S. ROSS ROBERT G. STONE 

Committee on Building 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS, Chairman 

GEORGE W. BUTTERWORTH EDWIN S. WEBSTER 

Committee on Children's Gardens Exhibitions 

MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE, Chairman 

THOMAS P. DOOLEY DANIEL W. O'BRIEN 

Committee on the Albert C. Burrage Gold Vase 

WALTER HUNNEWELL, Chairman 
ALBERT C. BURRAGE, JR. HAROLD S. ROSS 

RAY M. KOON WILLIAM P. WOLCOTT 

Nominating Committee 
MISS MARIAN ROBY CASE HARLAN P. KELSEY 

CHARLES K. CUMMINGS FLETCHER STEELE 

MRS. ROGER S. WARNER 




Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge 
Elected a trustee at the annual meeting, May 6, 1940. 



Medals and Certificates Awarded 

in 1939 

The Albert C. Burr age Gold Vase 

Mr. and Mrs. Edwin S. Webster, Cbestnut Hill, for a chrysanthemum 
garden at the Autumn Show. 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 

Dr. George T. Moore, Director of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Thomas Roland Medal 

August Koch, Superintendent of Park System, Chicago, 111., for de- 
velopment of glassed-in gardens in Garfield Park. 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal 

Walter D. Brownell, Little Compton, R. I., noted scientific rose 
breeder and responsible for several important new rose varieties. 

President's Cup 

Albert A. Hulley, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of the Horticultural Society of New York 

Ernest Borowski, for a group of azaleas at the Spring Show. 

Gold Medal of The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society 

Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 

Beacon Hill Garden Club Cup 

Chestnut Hill Garden Club, for the most charming garden club exhibit 
at the Spring Show. 

Trophy of the Massachusetts Department of Agriculture 

Albert A. Hulley, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. 

Sarah Todd Bulkley Silver Medal of the Garden Club of America 

Mrs. Irving C. Wright, chairman, Massachusetts Garden Clubs Exhi- 
bition Committee, for the exhibit of outstanding beauty. 

Crystal Vases 

Mrs. J. D. Cameron Bradley, for camellia Mrs. Williams, best single 

bloom in the show. 
A. Frylink & Sons, Inc., for daffodil Seraglio, best bloom in the show. 
Mrs. R. M. Saltonstall, for darwin tulip Venus, best bloom in the show. 

13 



14 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Large Gold Medals 

Col. R. H. Montgomery of the Fairchild Tropical Garden, Coconut 

Grove, Florida. 
Mrs. Elizabeth Peterson, executive secretary of the Horticultural 

Society of New York. 
Dr. William A. Taylor, Washington, D. C, formerly head of the 

Bureau of Plant Industry in the United States Department of 

Agriculture. 

Gold Medals 

Dr. Thomas Barbour, for a display of vegetables. 

Ernest Borowski, for a group of azaleas. 

Ernest Borowski, for a group of azaleas at the Spring Show. 

Joseph Breck & Sons, for a display of daffodils at the Spring Show. 

Cherry Hill Nurseries, for a comprehensive exhibit of peonies, 
rhododendrons and azaleas. 

W. N. Craig, for a collection of rock and alpine plants at the Spring 
Show. 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a group of chrysanthe- 
mums. 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. Crowninshield, for a display of sweet peas. 

Sherman W. Eddy, for a knot garden at the Spring Show. 

Garden in the Woods, Will C. Curtis, for a naturalistic garden at the 
Spring Show. 

Gardner Museum, for a group of chrysanthemums. 

Alexander I. Heimlich, for a rock garden at the Spring Show. 

Herb Society of America, for a monastic garden at the Spring Show. 

Albert A. Hulley, for a rose garden at the Spring Show. 

F. W. Hunnewell, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 

Lager & Hurrell (at New York), sweepstake for best exhibit in orchid 
section. 

Massachusetts Garden Clubs Exhibition Committee, for the horticul- 
tural excellence and tasteful design of an early New England 
house and its gardens staged at the Spring Show. 

Massachusetts State College, for an educational display of apples. 

Mrs. Flagler Matthews, for a display of daffodils. 

New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, for a display of 
seedling grapes. 

Providence Garden Club (at Philadelphia), for treatment of a bay 
window. 

Seabrook Nurseries, for a display of gladiolus, the most meritorious 
exhibit in the Gladiolus Show. 

Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Van Beuren, for an exhibit of lilies at the Spring 
Show in 1938. 



16 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis at the Spring 

Show. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids at the Spring Show. 

Silver Medals 

L. Sherman Adams Company, for a group of orchids. 

George P. Barr, for a display of carnations at the Spring Show (2). 

Edward B. Barry, for dahlia Lou Barry, best vase of seedling dahlias 

of New England origin, three or more blooms, three years old. 
Bay State Nurseries, Inc., for an informal garden at the Spring Show. 
Ernest Borowski, for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Mrs. J. D. Cameron Bradley, for a display of camellias and camellia 

plants. 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for a display of daffodils. 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for an educational display of daffodils at the 

Spring Show. 
Joseph Breck & Sons, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Mrs. F. F. Brewster, for a group of cinerarias at the Spring Show. 
Cape Cod Nurseries, for a Spring garden at the Spring Show. 
Cherry Hill Nurseries, for an azalea and rhododendron garden at the 

Spring Show. 
W. N. Craig, for a display of lilies and perennials. 
A. Frylink & Sons, Inc., for a display of daffodils. 
Gardner Museum, for a group of gloxinias. 
Wilhelmina F. Greene, for a collection of paintings of subtropical 

flowers. 
Thomas J. Grey Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Botanical Museum of Harvard University, for an exhibit showing the 

origin of geographical food plants of the world at the Spring 

Show. 
C. B. Johnson, for two plants of carnation Virginia Rose at the 

Spring Show. 
Little Tree Farms, for a French garden at the Spring Show. 
Massachusetts Department of Conservation, for a hydrological cycle 

at the Spring Show. 
Edward F. Norberg, Jr., for a group of hydrangeas at the Spring 

Show. 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for an Irish garden at the Spring 

Show. 
North Shore Horticultural Society, for a Moorish garden at the 

Spring Show. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1939 17 

North Street Greenhouses, for a display of pansies at the Spring 

Show. 
A. N. Pierson, Inc., for a display of roses at the Spring Show. 
City of Quincy, for a display of grape varieties. 
Professor A. P. Saunders, for a display of peonies. 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of cypripediums. 
Mrs. Galen L. Stone, for a group of miltonias. 
John Sullivan, for begonia Exquisite. 
G. Thorndike Trull, for a display of vegetables. 
Vaughan's Seed Store, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of chrysanthemums. 
Fred P. Webber, for a display of dahlias. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of cypripediums. 
Edwin S. Webster, for a group of orchids. 

Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a medieval garden at the Spring Show. 
Weston Nurseries, Inc., for a naturalistic garden at the Spring Show. 
White & Franke, Inc., for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Miss Elizabeth Woolley, for a Roman peristyle garden at the Spring 

Show. 
Miss Elizabeth Woolley, for a Tudor- American home lighted for 

Christmas. 
Rocco Zeparo, for a group of camellias at the Spring Show. 

Bronze Medals 

Miss Margaret B. Brigham, for collection of Autumn fruits, pods and 

nuts. 
W. Atlee Burpee Company, for general excellence of trade booth at 

the Spring Show. 
Butterworth's, for Phalcenopsis amabilis — white. 
F. I. Carter & Sons, for miniature plant baskets. 
F. I. Carter & Sons, for plants in ornamental containers. 
Nello Fiorio, for a collection of herbs. 
Fraser's Flowers, for a display of cut flowers. 
George P. Gardner, Jr., for a group of white flowering plants at the 

Spring Show. 
Jamaica Plain High School, for a model of a park for the City of 

Boston at the Spring Show. 
Meloripe Fruit Company, for general excellence of trade booth at the 

Spring Show. 
Mrs. R. M. Newman, for an exhibit of mosses at the Spring Show. 
John D. Runkle School, for a model of a section of the Public Garden 

at the Spring Show. 
Waltham Field Station, for a display of annuals and perennials. 



18 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Bronze Medals for Children's Garden, donated by- 
Miss Marian Roby Case, Hillcrest Gardens, 
Weston, Massachusetts 

George Babits, Greenfield 

Jacqueline Brown, Saxonville 

Lois Chase, West Yarmouth 

Gussie DeVasto, Roslindale 

Robert Dyer, South Braintree 

Henry A. Dymsza, Reading 

Nello F. Fiorio, Milton 

William Gidney, Orange 

Roy and Donald Gorman, Dodgeville 

Milton Gray, Jr., Brewster 

Willis Gray, Littleton 

Daniel Hallisey, West Side, Brockton 

Ernest and Edward Jensen, Granville 

Frank Joyner, Cummington 

Lloyd Lawson, Campello 

Fred A. LeShane, Brookline 

Barbara Marshall, Reading 

Ruth Martin, West Roxbury 

Priscilla Olsen, Islington 

John R. Potter, Jamaica Plain 

Ralston Read, Jr., Rehoboth 

Shirley Read, Rehoboth 

Marguerite and Genevieve Sherwood, Chester 

Rose Scheinost, Southampton 

John Stragvalursi, East Side, Brockton 

William H. Tobin, Natick 

Rose Vartanian, Hopkinton 

William Vickery, Brockton 

Edgar W. Wentworth, Manchester 

Joseph Wheeler, Concord 

First Class Certificates 

Azalea Sander Alice Sargent, exhibited by Ernest Borowski. 
Azalea Sander Mary Robeson Sargent, exhibited by Ernest Borowski. 
Chrysanthemum Pomponette, exhibited by Bristol Nurseries, Inc. 
Cypripedium Fire King, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 
Cypripedium Gwen Hannen var. Field Marshal, exhibited by Edwin 

S. Webster. 
Rhododendron Annie Lawrence Lamb, exhibited by Mrs. Horatio A. 

Lamb. 
Rose Lucile Hill, exhibited by the Jos. H. Hill Co. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1939 19 

Awards of Merit 

Angulocaste Georgius Rex, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Brassocattleya Albion var. Ina Claire, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Brassocattleya Hartland, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Carnation Abba Coe, exhibited by Wm. Sim & Son. 

Carnation Giant Peter Fisher, exhibited by Cummings the Florist. 

Carnation John Briry, exhibited by Wm. Sim & Son. 

Cattleya Hyperion, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Celery, Summer Pascal, exhibited by the Waltham Field Station. 

Cypripedium Bedfordice, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Cypripedium Joan Harris, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Cypripedium The Great Mogul, exhibited by Thomas Roland, Inc. 

Gladiolus Cantabile, exhibited by George H. Scheer. 

Miltonia Aphrodite, exhibited by L. Sherman Adams Company. 

Miltonia Glow, exhibited by L. Sherman Adams Company. 

Miltonia Mem. H. T. Pitt var. Exquisita, exhibited by Edwin S. 

Webster. 
Raspberry Indian Summer, exhibited by the New York State Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station. 
Sweet Pea Ambition, exhibited by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield. 
Sweet Pea Capri, exhibited by Mrs. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield. 
Sweet Pea Leader, exhibited by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield. 
Sweet Pea Mollie, exhibited by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield. 
Sweet Pea White Heather, exhibited by Mr. and Mrs. Francis B. 

Crowninshield. 
Veltheimia viridifolia, exhibited by Edwin S. Webster. 

Votes of Commendation 

Boltonia Snowbank, exhibited by the Edgell Road Gardens. 
Burpee's Red and Gold Hybrid Marigold, exhibited by the W. Atlee 

Burpee Company. 
Marigold Roman Gold, exhibited by the Edgell Road Gardens. 
Potato Sebago, exhibited by Wilfrid Wheeler. 
Rose Thornless Beauty, exhibited by N. Grillo. 
Rudbeckia Helen Colprit, exhibited by Ernest S. Colprit. 
Snapdragon Sweetheart, exhibited by Mount Auburn Cemetery. 
Sweet Pea Long Stemmed Lavender, exhibited by W. Atlee Burpee 

Company. 

Cultural Certificates 

Peter Arnott, for a group of orchids. 
G. S. Bradley, for Cozlogyne cristata. 



20 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Louis Campagnolo, for a display of vegetables. 

Garden in the Woods, Will C. Curtis, for an exhibit showing the 

propagation of native plants. 
George Hewitt, for stocks. 
George Holliday, for a group of miltonias. 

Adelbert Lindsay, for a display of camellias and camellia plants. 
Thomas Murray, for a display of sweet peas. 
John Sullivan, for a group of gloxinias. 
Win. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for a group of amaryllis. 

Votes of Thanks 

Arnold Arboretum, for a display of berried shrubs. 

Ira Beals, for a terrarium. 

Harold T. Bent, for hardy carnations and Nierembergia. 

Harold T. Bent, for climbing Foxglove, Lophospermum scandens. 

Harold T. Bent, for Lachenalia tricolor. 

Elizabeth T. Blossom, for a collection of photographs of gardens 

designed and executed by the late Harold Hill Blossom. 
L. G. Bruggemann, for peanuts. 

W. Atlee Burpee Company, for Sweet Pea Pearl S. Buck. 
Butler & Ullman, Inc., for a display of camellias. 
Butterworth's, for Cymbidium Alexanders. 
W. N. Craig, for a collection of crocuses. 
W. N. Craig, for a display of daffodils. 
Mrs. Frank A. Day, for a clivia plant. 
Louis Dupuy Greenhouses, for a display of camellias. 
Mrs. William Ellery, for Don's winter-flowering pansies. 
George P. Gardner, Jr., for a display of camellias. 
George P. Gardner, Jr., for Cattleya triance. 
N. Grillo, for Rose Elena Jewel. 
N. Grillo, for Rose Regina. 
Frank W. Hunnewell, for Coleus Frederiei. 
C. U. Liggit, Inc., for Rose Sun Glow. 
Little Tree Farms, for Christmas novelties. 
Mrs. Robert McCaull, for a basket of asters. 
P. I. Merry, for a vase of montbretias. 
North Street Greenhouses, for a vase of passionflower. 
Harold A. Ryan, Inc., for stocks. 
Mrs. George C. Shattuck, for a display of camellias. 
Mrs. Leroy G. Shaw, for a terrarium. 
Stephen E. Shaw Estate, for Carnation Maribel Vinson. 
Sim Carnation Co., Inc., for Carnation Olivette. 
Sim Carnation Co., Inc., for Carnation Snow White. 
Louis Vasseur, for staminless lilium hybrids. 
Wm. T. Walke & Sons, Inc., for Coleus Frederiei. 



MEDALS AND CERTIFICATES AWARDED IN 1939 21 

Mrs. Geoffrey G. Whitney, for a collection of Autumn shrubs, twigs, 
etc. 

Honorable Mention 

Carnation Dark Pink Virginia, exhibited by the Sim Carnation Co., 

Inc. 
Carnation Pharaoh, exhibited by the Sim Carnation Co., Inc. 
Christmas gift basket, exhibited by the Harwich Garden Club. 
Dish garden of Maine mosses, exhibited by the Linnell Girls' Gift 

Shop. 
Miniature living Christmas tree, exhibited by the Lexington Field and 

Garden Club. 
Six pink peony blooms, one variety, exhibited by Wilton B. Fay. 
Six white peony blooms, one variety, exhibited by Wilton B. Fay. 
Wreath suitable for Christmas, constructed of natural plant material, 

exhibited by the Amherst Garden Club. 
Wreath suitable for Christmas, constructed of natural plant material, 

exhibited by the Garden Section of the Amherst Woman's Club. 
Wreath suitable for Christmas, constructed of natural plant material, 

exhibited by the Newton Centre Garden Club. 



22 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 




Mr. August Koch 

Awarded the 

Thomas Roland Medal 

in 1939. 



Mr. Walter D. Brownell 

Awarded the 

Jackson Dawson Memorial 

Medal in 1939. 




SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 



23 



Col. R. H. Montgomery 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1039. 





Dr. William A. Taylor 

An: o.rded the 

Society's Gold Medal 

in 1939. 



Special Medal Awards 

The committee on special medals, of which Professor Oakes 
Ames is chairman, made its annual recommendations to the 
Trustees at a meeting in September, 1939, and they were imme- 
diately adopted. Dr. George T. Moore, director of the Missouri 
Botanical Gardens in St. Louis, Mo., who was awarded the 
George Robert White Medal of Honor for eminent service to 




Dr. George T. Moore 

Awarded the 

George Robert White Medal of Honor 

in 1939. 

horticulture, is known far and wide for his work in developing 
and maintaining one of the world's outstanding botanical and 
horticultural institutions. Dr. Moore's special interest is in 
orchids, and he has done much to promote the study of improved 
propagation methods as well as encourage the introduction of 
new species from other lands. The George Robert White Medal 
of Honor, considered the highest horticultural award in 
America, is a large and very handsome medal, the award of 
which each year is made possible by a fund established by the 
late George Robert White, long one of Boston's most distin- 
guished citizens. It was first given to the late Professor Charles 

24 



SPECIAL MEDAL AWARDS 



25 



S. Sargent and has gone since to a long line of eminent men 
and women. 

Mr. August Koch, to whom the Thomas Koland Medal was 
awarded, has just been retired as head of the Park System of 
Chicago, 111. Retirement was due to age limitations. Mr. Koch, 
like Dr. Moore, combines horticultural knowledge and skill with 
unusual executive ability. He has seen the Chicago Park System 
grow to remarkable proportions during his long term of office 
and has built up a collection of conservatory plants at Garfield 
Park which is unequalled probably anywhere in this country. 
The economic house is especially interesting to students, while 
botanists and scientists are more interested in the rare and 
unusual flowering plants from other lands. Several flower shows 
are given each year with no admission charge and are attended 
by hundreds of thousands of persons. The Thomas Roland 
Medal was established in honor of the late Thomas Roland of 
Nahant, Mass., often spoken of as the best plantsman in 
America. 

The award of the Jackson Dawson Memorial Medal to Mr. 
Walter D. Brownell of Little Compton, R. I., was particularly 




Mrs. Elizabeth Peterson 

Awarded the 

Society's Gold Medal in 1939. 



26 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

appropriate, inasmuch as the late Jackson Dawson, made fa- 
mous by his long connection with the Arnold Arboretum, was 
particularly interested in the hybridization of roses. Mr. 
Brownell's work along this line has been highly scientific and 
has resulted in the development of both climbing roses and 
bush roses of great value, especially in the colder sections of 
the country. Most of the important rose growers of the country 
have found their way to Mr. Brownell's breeding grounds in 
Rhode Island and are familiar with his work. 

In awarding its large gold medal to Dr. William A. Taylor 
of Washington, D. C, the society bestowed an honor which 
probably should have gone to him long ago. Although this 
eminent gentleman has now been retired from active service, he 
was long at the head of the Bureau of Plant Industry of the 
Department of Agriculture and was instrumental in bringing 
about the introduction and dissemination of many worthwhile 
plants formerly unknown in this country. The breadth of im- 
portance of his work is acknowledged by all who are familiar 
with it. 

Colonel R. H. Montgomery of Coconut Grove, Fla., awarded 
the society's gold medal, is an amateur, whose love of horticul- 
ture has inspired him to aid in building up one of the finest 
collections of tropical and semi-tropical plants to be found in 
this country, these plants being assembled at what is now called 
the Fair child Tropical Garden at Coconut Grove, being named 
in honor of Dr. David G. Fairchild, who was awarded the 
George Robert White Medal in 1930. Those who visited the 
World's Fair in New York last Summer probably saw the great 
collection of tropical plants placed on exhibition there through 
the activities of Colonel Montgomery. 

There are some persons, whose contributions to horticulture 
are more or less anonymous, but none the less important because 
of that fact. Mrs. Elizabeth Peterson is such a person. As execu- 
tive secretary of the Horticultural Society of New York, she 
has long been the moving spirit in most of that society's activi- 
ties. She has done much to promote the success of the Inter- 
national Flower Show in New York, and her assistance to the 
garden clubs of New York sections will readily be attested to 
by any member of those organizations. Working quietly and 
without inviting attention, she has done much for the advance- 
ment of horticulture. 




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The George Robert White Medal 

of Honor 

George Robert White of Boston presented to the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society in 1909 a fund, now amounting to 
$10,000, the income to provide annually for a substantial gold 
medal to be awarded by the Trustees of the Society to the man 
or woman, commercial firm or institution in the United States 
or other countries that has done the most in recent years to 
advance interest in horticulture in its broadest sense. The 
medal, designed by John Flanagan, is of coin gold and weighs 
eight and a half ounces. It has been awarded each year since 
its establishment and to the following persons : 

1909 Professor Charles S. Sargent, Director of the Arnold Arboretum, 

Jamaica Plain, Mass. 

1910 Jackson Thornton Dawson, plantsman of the Arnold Arboretum. 

1911 Victor Lemoine, Nancy, France. 

1912 Michael H. Walsh, Woods Hole, Mass. 

1913 Park Commission of Rochester, 1ST. Y. 

1914 Sir Harry James Veitch, London, England. 

1915 Ernest Henry Wilson, plant hunter for the Arnold Arboretum. 

1916 William Robinson, London, England. 

1917 Niels Ebbesen Hansen, Brookings, S. D. 

1918 Dr. Walter Van Fleet, Washington, D. C. 

1919 Vilmorin-Andrieux et Cie, Paris, France. 

1920 Georges Forrest of England. 

1921 Mrs. Louisa Yeomans King, Alma, Mich. 

1922 Albert Cameron Burrage, Boston, Mass. 

1923 John McLaren, San Francisco, Calif. 

1924 Joseph Pernet-Ducher, Venissieux-les-Lyons, France. 

1925 Professor Ulysses P. Hedrick, Geneva, N. Y. 

1926 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Del. 

1927 Dr. Liberty Hyde Bailey, Ithaca, N. Y. 

1928 Colonel William Boyce Thompson, Yonkers, N. Y. 

1929 Miss Gertrude Jekyll, England. 

1930 David Grandison Fairchild, Washington, D. C. 

1931 Dr. Frederick V. Coville, Washington, D. C. 

1932 W. A. Manda, South Orange, N. J. 

1933 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa. 

1934 Captain F. Kingdon Ward, British plant collector. 

1935 Professor Oakes Ames, Boston and North Easton. 

1936 Harlan Page Kelsey, East Boxford, Mass. 

1937 Frederick Law Olmsted, Brookline, Mass. 

1938 Robert Moses, New York City, N. Y. 

1939 Dr. George T. Moore, St. Louis, Mo. 

29 



Activities at Horticultural Hall 



A Survey of the Various Departments and 
the Work They Do 



The Business Department 

It is true that the Massachusetts Horticultural Society de- 
votes itself almost wholly to matters of an educational and 
charitable character. Nevertheless, it is impossible to carry on 
so large an organization and one with so many diversified 
activities without becoming involved in a great many business 
transactions. Persons who make application for work at Horti- 
cultural Hall expect that this work has much to do with 
gardens and flowers. As a matter of fact, the business office of 
the society is exactly like that of any other business office. 
Large sums of money are taken in and paid out and every 
transaction is written in detail into the society's books. There 
is a bookkeeping department, a subscription department, an 
auditing department and an advertising department, all of 
them under the eye of the secretary, who must report upon 
them to the various committees appointed by the trustees or to 
the trustees themselves. 

There are many business matters connected with the library, 
far removed as this division of the society's work might seem 
to be from such matters. A large amount of money is spent 
each year for books, but this work is not done in a haphazard 
manner. An effort is made to obtain the lowest prices from 
publishers and from dealers in second-hand books. Many of 
the books which go onto the shelves in the library cost nothing, 
being turned over from Horticulture after being reviewed in 
that publication. A distinct saving is effected in this way. Like- 
wise, the amount of money spent for magazine subscriptions is 
reduced by exchanges with Horticulture. 

The funds which yield the money from which purchases for 
the library are made must be kept separate from all others, and 
their income supplied for library purposes only. Special ar- 
rangements are made with the post office to effect the greatest 

30 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 31 

saving in the mailing of library books to and from members 
who borrow them. The library is empowered to pay transpor- 
tation one way but suggests to its members that it would be 
glad to have them pay all the postage. As a rule, the members 
are very co-operative in this respect. 

Fines must be levied and collected where they are due, and 
arrangements made for importing books designed for use by 
the library without the necessity of paying duty. Foreign books 
are permitted to come in duty free but such books must not 
be resold. The financial transactions of the library are initiated 
by the librarian and then turned over to the bookkeeping 
department with Mrs. Florence Mayo in charge. 

It is to the bookkeeping department, indeed, that all the 
bills from every department must eventually come before they 
are paid. After these bills have been approved by the depart- 
ment head, they are entered on the bookkeeping records. Next, 
they are approved by the secretary, after which they go to 
either the treasurer, Mr. John S. Ames, or the assistant treas- 
urer, Mr. Walter Hunnewell, whose approval is required before 
they can be paid. Later, all these bills are submitted to the 
auditor, Mr. Thomas Brown. Incidentally, almost all of the 
employees at Horticultural Hall, as well as the treasurer, are 
bonded. 

The total amount paid out over the secretary's signature each 
year amounts to about $150,000. The Spring flower show alone 
involves an expenditure of from $60,000 to $70,000, which 
requires the drawing of a great many checks, probably 100 
for prizes alone. The amount of money which comes in is 
larger, of course, than the show expenditures, making a large 
bank balance at the close of the show. A special bookkeeper is 
employed to work at Mechanics Building while the Spring 
show is in progress and every cent of the large sums received 
from the ticket offices day by day must be accounted for. The 
tickets are numbered in sequence so that an absolute accounting 
is possible. 

The Spring flower show is carefully budgeted in advance 
and at the end of the exhibition a detailed report is made up 
by the exhibition manager, Mr. Arno H. Nehrling, in order 
that the exhibition committee may know just where the ex- 
penditures were greater or less than authorized in the budget. 



32 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

These figures are, of course, carefully scrutinized before a 
budget for the next year is made out. 

A great number of book entries is required to handle the 
membership records, inasmuch as each annual member's pay- 
ment of $3.00 is written into the books with the name and 
date. Most of the payments are received in the form of checks, 
which amount to several thousands by the end of the year. 
Indeed, the deposit slips sent to the bank would, on some occa- 
sions, measure at least a yard in length if they were pasted 
together. All of this work must be done with greatest care, 
because any mistakes usually result in sharp rebukes from irate 
members. 

The name of each annual member is entered on a card and 
also printed on a stencil, these stencils being used in a printing 
machine when sending notices to the members or when address- 
ing wrappers for mailing Horticulture. It costs about $225 to 
notify the members of a society meeting if a letter is sent and 
about $100 if a post card is used. This is not counting the 
work done by the office employees in addressing, stamping and 
mailing communications to members. 

Then comes the work of collecting members' dues. Formerly, 
all memberships ran only to the end of a given year. This was 
obviously unfair to members who joined the society when the 
year was almost up. Now each membership runs for one year 
from the first of the month following the date of record. 
Special cabinets hold the members' stencils and two electrically 
equipped machines are available for printing the addresses 
from month to month. 

The work involved in the publication of the magazine 
Horticulture is somewhat complicated, as a charge is made in 
favor of the magazine against each member of this society, 
The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society and the Horticultural 
Society of New York. Seventy-five cents a year accrues to 
Horticulture as a book item for each membership in all three 
societies. The New York and Pennsylvania societies keep their 
own records, however, and also write the wrappers for their 
members, these wrappers being sent by express to the mailing 
company in Boston. 

The management of Horticulture is a business in itself, for 
the publication is on exactly the same plan as any other maga- 
zine as far as the general public is concerned. The general 



34 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

circulation exceeds that provided by the three societies, maga- 
zines being sent to all parts of the world. There must be a 
constant effort on the part of those in charge to keep the 
printing costs, paper costs, distribution costs and the cost of 
making engravings as well as that of contributions as low as 
possible. 

In addition, there is the matter of advertising to be con- 
sidered. This is very important because Horticulture is ex- 
pected to pay its way. The advertising business is a compli- 
cated and difficult one. It involves a wide knowledge of human 
nature as well as of business principles. The advertising de- 
partment is directed by Mr. James Geehan, who is well 
equipped for this work. Mr. Geehan is responsible for. collec- 
tions as well as for new advertising and must see to it that his 
books are ready for an auditor's inspection at any time. 

In addition to conducting the advertising department of 
Horticulture, Mr. Geehan is in charge of the society's employ- 
ment bureau, which has assumed unexpectedly large propor- 
tions in recent years, partly because many gardeners have been 
thrown out of work, but also for the reason that many appli- 
cations for employment that formerly went to seed houses and 
other employment bureaus are now coming to Horticultural 
Hall. Mr. Geehan's department has been very successful in 
placing a great many gardeners and superintendents, this work 
being carried on without charge to the applicants. Indeed, this 
is considered a part of the society's service and gardeners out 
of work are permitted to carry advertising cards in Horticul- 
ture free of charge. 

Much of the work of- selling the various books sponsored by 
thesociety has also been placed in the hands of this department. 
The society is now responsible for "The Gardener's Omnibus," 
which sells for $3.75, "The Gardener's Travel Book," priced at 
$2.50, and a series of dollar books which are believed to offer 
more for the money than any others ever published. These 
books are sold in oook stores throughout the country, and the 
society receives a royalty. ; . 

Finally, there .is the never-ending effort to maintain the 
membership at its present level and to increase the number of 
subscriptions fori Horticulture. This work involves a ceaseless 
flow of letters and literature, thousands of pieces going out 
each week as a matter of routine. It involves, also, the necessity 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 35 

of constantly searching for new names to be used for this 
purpose. Probably few persons realize that it is only through 
this never-ceasing flow of mail that the membership is kept 
from dropping rapidly and that the circulation of the society's 
magazine is extended throughout distant states. 

The Library at Horticultural Hall 

The original library of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society is kept intact in a separate case in the Trustees' room. 
It includes those books listed in the first catalogue of the 
library, which was published in the Neiv England Farmer, 
August 10, 1831, and it is made up of about 130 volumes, 
many of them gifts of the charter members and outstanding 
horticulturists of the time. 

In this room, under lock and key, are kept the valuable 
Americana (books published in this country prior to 1825) 
within the scope of the society's collection. There, too, will be 
found the horticultural and botanical books of all countries, 
published before 1800. Those which appeared before the time 
of Linnseus are kept in a special section and include the im- 
portant herbals of the 17th and early 18th centuries. 

The travels of the early botanists, their descriptions of the 
plants they found, early theories of landscape design and agri- 
cultural and horticultural practices to be found in these early 
writings of the first gardeners and botanists of many countries 
prove of great value to those doing research on the history of 
gardening as well as the history of plants. 

In a closed stack separate from the main reading room are 
kept those books of the 19th century which generally do not 
circulate but are often consulted for information by technical 
research workers and those gardeners who are interested in 
searching for the authentic or curious bits of information 
which may be found in some of the gardening literature of 
that period. 

The main body of the general collection of books in the 
library includes both popular and professional books on gar- 
dening in all its phases. Besides a large group of books on 
gardening there are many sections of books on the culture of 
special groups of plants — roses, bulbs, lilies, greenhouse plants, 
rock garden plants, and many others. 

Insects and diseases, soils and fertilizers, economic plants 



36 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

and cultivated plants are covered in scientific treatises as well 
as in modern popular writings. For those whose interests are 
in vegetables and fruits, there is an excellent supply of litera- 
ture. The fruit collection is one of the best and includes many 
of those books of the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries which were 
very important in contributing knowledge and reporting ex- 
periences, thus forming the foundation of today's research in 
the cultivation of fruits. 

A garden would be a poor mixture of this and that if a plan 
were not made before planting. The collection of books on 
garden design and gardens of other countries in the library 
provides much help and many suggestions for the professional 
landscape architect as well as for the home gardener who is 
making his own plan. And for the ladies who are interested 
in design from the aspect of flower arrangement there are books 
on Japanese as well as on the American principles underlying 
that art. 

Although the main interest is horticulture, such a library 
as this would not be complete without a great deal of material 
on botany. The interesting "Floras" of many countries are most 
valuable to members doing research on the plants of many 
lands, and their introduction into cultivation in our own 
gardens and elsewhere. Many of these works run into numer- 
ous volumes of text and plates, which are helpful in checking 
specimens that come in for identification or providing some 
artist with the correct aspect of a plant he is using in an illus- 
tration. Others are used by those who intend to travel in the 
region and want to know something of the plants there before 
they start on their journey. 

For those who can travel only in their reading, there are the 
writings of the plant explorers of many generations and the 
fascinating tales which lurk in the stories of their lives and 
their work. 

The 26,000 volumes of "the best of the world's garden 
books," although they make up the greater part of the assets 
of the library, are by no means the limits of its resources. Our 
file of horticultural periodicals is an unusually complete one. 
The gallery shelves are lined with bound volumes of these 
publications covering more than 100 years and from all parts 
of the world. 

On the racks in the reading room will be found current 



38 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

numbers of scientific and popular garden magazines from 
England, France, Germany, Italy, and other countries as well 
as the best to be found here. Some of these are exchanged for 
our own publications ; some come by subscription and some are 
gifts. 

The files of these periodicals, many of them with excellent 
colored plates, are very valuable to botanists and horticul- 
turists for checking descriptions of plants, for obtaining his- 
torical data and cultural notes. Printed indexes of various sorts 
provide the necessary key to unlock the information contained 
in many periodicals and they are supplemented by our own 
typewritten card index to plant material and articles found in 
some of the current periodicals not covered by official indexes. 
Other "library reference tools" include the indexes to the many 
document series published by the government, invaluable in 
locating material, especially that from the Department of 
Agriculture. 

Another valuable asset of the library is its collection of 
nursery catalogues going back a century or more and added to 
each season. From Europe, Asia and Africa as well as the west- 
ern continent they come each year, in different shapes and sizes 
— some veritable books of information beautifully illustrated, 
others brief listings of seeds from distant corners of the earth. 
Old ones are used to check varieties and species of plants ; new 
ones are constantly thumbed over by those searching for the 
ordinary or the unusual. One of the questions most often 
answered by the staff is "Where can I buy so — and so — ?" 

Another question which comes to the library, especially 
during the Winter months when the garden clubs are having 
their indoor meetings is "What list of books or articles are 
there on this — or that — ?" Bibliographies on many subjects 
are being prepared constantly, and for those members who 
cannot come into the library packages of books are selected to 
fill needs and sent out by mail. Other garden clubs avail them- 
selves of the privilege of coming to the library for their meet- 
ing and listening to a lecture by the librarian. 

As the development of horticulture continues, groups inter- 
ested in particular plants or groups of plants have developed 
and formed their own organizations. These special plant socie- 
ties make use of the committee rooms for their meetings and 
the library as well as the society as a whole co-operate with 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 39 

them in every way to foster their enthusiasm and interest and 
the general interest of all who love plants. 

Naturally, those working with this horticultural collection 
must have a broad background in the field as well as under- 
standing of library techniques. Miss Dorothy Manks, the 
librarian, is a graduate of Radcliffe with a special course in 
library training taken at Simmons. Her assistants are Miss 
Brenda Newton, landscape architect, graduate of Simmons and 
Lowthorpe School, and Miss Elizabeth T. Blossom, whose 
training at Smith College included both botany and horticul- 
ture, and who has taught these subjects in college, high school 
and Summer camps. 

The library is open to the public every weekday from 9 a.m. 
until 5 p.m. except that it closes at 1 p.m. on Saturdays in the 
Summer. Questions may be sent by mail and transmitted by 
telephone. "Service" is the library's motto and it is always 
given with a smile. 

The Flower Show Department 

The fruit, vegetable and flower exhibitions of the Massa- 
chusetts Horticultural Society are woven as closely into the 
fabric of the society's history as is the work of the library. 
The first exhibitions were held in the first year of the society's 
existence, that is, in 1829. They have continued in different 
forms and under different conditions throughout the years 
which have intervened. 

The earliest shows were confined largely to fruits. After- 
wards vegetables began to have a prominent place, but it is 
only in much more recent years that flowers came to occupy the 
center of the exhibition stage. For many years, exhibitions were 
held weekly throughout the Summer months. They were very 
small, of course, but gradually came to assume larger pro- 
portions. 

The first big display was held in 1836, when two beautiful 
orange trees, some large, growing pineapples and heavily clus- 
tered grapevines were displayed. On that occasion Phlox drum- 
mondi appeared for the first time. Acacias were exhibited, too, 
together with what the record calls "a bewildering display of 
dahlias." The premiums listed for 1838 offered 20 prizes for 



40 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

fruit amounting to $100, with 18 vegetable prizes totaling $50, 
and $125 for flowers. 

By 1852 a new problem had arisen. It was this: "Should 
prizes awarded by the society go to the gardeners or to the 
owners who employed them?" It was decided that a uniform 
method ought to be adopted, but no decision was arrived at as 
to what this method should be, although it soon became an 
established custom to make all awards to the owners. In the 
earlier days, much of the judging was done not at shows but 
in gardens, which were visited by the society's committee. 

After the society's first building was sold and before the 
second building was erected, the plan was tried of holding the 
society's exhibitions under tents on Boston Common, but the 
city compelled the building of floors over the grass, and this 
fact, together with much rainy weather caused this plan to be 
abandoned. At times exhibits were held in Faneuil Hall and at 
other times in the old Music Hall. It is recorded that an exhi- 
bition in the latter hall in 1857 was graced by the presence of 
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, who talked about flowers. A band 
played both day and evening. 

In the course of the years, the exhibitions have proved of 
tremendous advantage to the society. This was true even 
when they were being held in the Tremont Street building. 
Visitors to the shows remained to become members and in one 
instance, at least, an exhibition of dahlias brought about a 
large contribution of money. 

In the days when new species and varieties were being intro- 
duced rapidly, many of them appeared at the shows of this 
society for the first time. In 1836, Marshall P. Wilder ex- 
hibited Oncidium flexuosum, with 97 fully expanded blos- 
soms. Apparently, this was the first time that an orchid was 
exhibited at any show in America. In later years, the Concord 
grape appeared at one of the society's exhibitions, to become 
the center of a bitter controversy. A similar controversy was 
precipitated when Jackson Dawson showed specimens of Scotch 
heather, Calluna vulgaris, which he had gathered in Tewks- 
bury. 

When the present Horticultural Hall was erected, the shows 
began to grow much more elaborate than ever before. The new 
quarters were admirably adapted for extensive displays and 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 41 

those in charge of the exhibitions came to feel increasing 
responsibilities. 

Mr. Albert C. Burrage, who became president in 1921 and 
continued in that office for ten years, was show-minded to an 
exceptional degree. To him, to the late Dr. Ernest H. Wilson 
and to the late Thomas Roland must be given much of the credit 
for developing the show angle of the society's work to its 
present high standard. Such men as Harlan P. Kelsey, Harold 
S. Ross, Wilfrid Wheeler, William N. Craig, Samuel J. 
Goddard, Walter Hunnewell, William Ellery, James Methven, 
George Butterworth and others who are still living, had much 
to do with making the exhibitions one of the society's major 
projects after the new hall was opened. It was early in Mr. 
Burrage's presidency that the question of using the shows to 
materially increase the society's income was thoroughly can- 
vassed. A small fee had been charged at some of the shows in 
previous years and had helped to defray the cost of these 
shows. Mr. Roland, in particular, believed that it would be 
wise to put on one large exhibition each Spring and to make 
the admission fee $1.00. Mr. Burrage was always in favor of 
free shows, but the society's financial condition was far from 
satisfactory and the necessity for increased revenues was 
obvious. 

The society had only about 800 members when Mr. Burrage 
became president. Only two officers were employed by the 
society, a secretary and a librarian. Very little use was made 
of the library or of the building itself. Therefore, the plan of 
putting on a large exhibition each Spring was adopted and 
from that moment a considerable burden was placed upon 
the exhibition committee. That burden was increased in later 
years when the society's financial condition made it necessary 
to have a budget committee, which committee put upon the 
exhibition committee the task of making a net profit of at 
least $20,000 at each Spring show. 

The show first held in Horticultural Hall was such a success 
that the building was crowded to suffocation. The centennial 
exhibition in 1929 at Mechanics Building showed the possi- 
bilities of an exhibition framed on a much greater scale. It soon 
became the established custom to use Mechanics Building for 
the Spring exhibition, which has gradually developed into 



42 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

what is essentially a business enterprise although conducted 
with every regard for horticultural and artistic traditions. 

After the centennial exhibition, the society found itself with 
a surplus of some $30,000, which amount was prudently set 
aside as a nucleus of what is in effect an insurance fund, to be 
drawn upon in the event of the show's failure to make its 
required earnings. This fund is, of course, properly invested 
and the earnings are used for the payment of prizes at the 
shows. 

The planning and execution of a great Spring show involves 
much labor, even after the thinking has been done by which 
the theme of the show is developed. Blueprints are made by a 
landscape architect, models are constructed and endless details 
are worried over, often for many months. Sometimes plans are 
partly developed and then completely discarded. 

The making of such a show is a task which requires a year- 
round department. Such a department has now been in exist- 
ence for several years with Arno H. Nehrling in charge. Mr. 
Nehrling and his assistants have the task of carrying out the 
committee's plans to the last detail. The general management 
of the show is wholly in his hands under the committee's 
direction, constituting a task which grows increasingly arduous 
as the show approaches, and involves working night and day 
while it is being set up. Mr. Nehrling also has the selling of 
the trade space at the Spring show. He was formerly a pro- 
fessor at Massachusetts State College and afterward at Cornell 
University, and has wide experience in flower show work in 
this and other cities. 

Although the exhibition committee's work reaches its climax 
when the Spring show is held in March, it also includes a series 
of smaller shows throughout the Spring, Summer and Fall. 
The Autumn show at Horticultural Hall is usually an ambi- 
tious one and a small admission fee is charged. 

Since the days of Mr. Burrage, Dr. Wilson and Mr. Roland, 
the exhibition committee has functioned under the able leader- 
ship of Harlan P. Kelsey, Harold S. Ross, Wilfrid Wheeler 
and Ray M. Koon. 

Although the exhibition committee is responsible for setting 
up the flower shows, the judging of these shows, which is a 
very important matter, is vested in another group known as 
the prize committee. The responsibilities of this committee are 




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44 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

extremely heavy. Probably no committee in the society is sub- 
ject to as much criticism and yet the members must be pre- 
pared to meet such criticism with an answer which shows that 
they have a reason for everything they do. The judging of 
the Spring show, in particular, is a very complicated matter. 
The choice of judges is in itself difficult because persons must 
be obtained who are competent to pass on the particular type 
of exhibit which they are called upon to inspect. The fixing of 
scales of points, by which the judging must be done, and the 
making of rules which are just and fair take careful thought. 
Provision must be made for awarding the society's own 
medals, the President's Cup, the medal of the Horticultural 
Society of New York, the medal of The Pennsylvania Horti- 
cultural Society and the Beacon Hill Garden Club Cup, as well 
as the awards for the exhibits which call for cash prizes. 

New England Wild Flower Preservation Society 

In 1900 some interested people in Boston formed a society 
to protect native plants, calling themselves the Native Plant 
Society. They had no office and no dues, but were given per- 
mission to receive mail at the office of the Massachusetts 
Audubon Society. Occasionally they issued leaflets and for 
two or three years their numbers increased. There was much 
enthusiasm among the members and their influence spread to 
other localities, but as they had little money with which to 
work, only occasional contributions, they could not spread out 
as they had hoped to do. 

In 1922 the Garden Club of America wished to start a New 
England zone in their conservation work and Mrs. S. V. R. 
Crosby was asked to take charge of it. She knew of the Native 
Plant Society started by Miss Amy Folsom and in talking with 
her found that this society was most eager to have a more far- 
reaching association formed. As Miss Folsom was not well 
enough herself to do this work, she was willing to give the new 
society the names of the members and the good will of the 
old organization. 

The new society was formed in March 1922, with Mrs. 
S. V. R. Crosby as chairman. It was named the Society for 
the Preservation of Native New England Plants and twelve 
directors comprised its board at that time. All of the directors 
worked very hard to get new members, and one of them, Mr. 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 45 

Albert C. Burrage, at that time president of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society, put on a wonderful exhibition of native 
wild flowers and shrubs in bloom at Horticultural Hall. He 
gave the proceeds of the show to the newly formed society. 
Over 85,000 people visited this exhibition, where thousands of 
leaflets were given out to inform the people of the work which 
the new society intended to do as time went on. Hundreds of 
new members were added at this time, both adult and junior 
members. 

In June 1922, the Massachusetts Horticultural Society of- 
fered the society an office in its building at Horticultural Hall, 
where it still has its headquarters. 

Many people felt that the name which the society bore at 
first was too long and difficult, and at a meeting of the directors 
in 1925 the name was changed to the one now used. In January 
of 1932 the society was incorporated under the laws of the 
state of Massachusetts. At that time Mrs. Crosby was made 
president, which position she still holds. New directors have 
been added to the board from time to time and chairmen have 
been appointed to represent the various New England states. 
Originally the society was interested only in the preservation 
of the native wild flowers and shrubs, but as time has gone on 
its interests have increased and the work now includes many 
branches of conservation. 

Many garden clubs and women's clubs throughout New 
England are members and with their help the society is able 
to carry on its activities in different localities. Nearly all of the 
clubs have conservation chairmen and through them much 
splendid work is accomplished. 

A great deal of work is done in the schools throughout New 
England, by giving lectures and illustrated talks on conserva- 
tion. If within a radius of 30 miles of Boston, a lecturer is sent, 
but if the schools are outside this limit a box of colored slides 
with a written lecture is shipped upon application, to any 
place in New England. In 1938 just 200 of these talks were 
given in the schools, an increase of 53 over 1937. Illustrated 
talks are given to adult organizations for a small fee, but the 
school talks are given free of charge. 

The society is most fortunate in being able to have articles 
printed at various times during the year in many of the news- 
papers throughout New England, and twice a month is given 



46 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

space in Horticulture. These articles are written to inform 
people of the necessity of protecting many rare plants, espe- 
cially the mayflower and the lady-slippers. 

One of the most far-reaching pieces of work which this society 
does is the issuance of a conservation week booklet through 
its chairmen in three of the New England states. It is hoped 
that the other states will soon give the same co-operation. The 
governors of the various states issue a proclamation for the 
special week in each state, and the booklets are then distributed 
to teachers in the schools of these states. A conservation week 
is now held in 28 states throughout the country, and each year 
more states are having one. 

The office of the society, which is at the head of the stairs 
on the second floor of Horticultural Hall, is always open to 
visitors. Colored posters of native wild flowers and shrubs are 
on display in the office, and many leaflets which the society 
issues are given out free of charge. The society has many books, 
games and colored post cards on sale at all times, and sends all 
of these things for exhibition purposes to flower shows if 
garden clubs wish to have a conservation booth. The society 
always has a table at the flower shows held in Horticultural 
Hall, and has a booth at the Spring flower show. Here again 
the garden clubs co-operate by helping the society at the booth, 
often being responsible for several days when their club mem- 
bers take entire charge of the booth for the society. There is 
a friendly competition among the various clubs to see whose 
members take in the greatest number of new members or make 
the largest sales. At the Autumn show the society, in conjunc- 
tion with the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, holds a 
competition for Christmas greens in which all garden clubs in 
New England are welcome to enter. 

One of the society's aims is to be a laboratory where new 
ideas can be tried out, and if proved successful, disseminated 
to other societies in different parts of the country. 

Each state chairman works independently in her own state, 
for conditions naturally differ. All materials are sent out from 
the main office, and the chairmen report their activities to the 
president from time to time, often bringing her new ideas. 
The annual meeting is usually an all day meeting and is held 
at Horticultural Hall in January. After the business meeting, 
there is usually a luncheon. Interesting speakers are heard at 




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48 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

these meetings. In the past they have included Mr. John 
Findlay of the New York Times, Mr. Robert Lemmon, editor 
and wild flower enthusiast, Dr. William G. Vinal of Massa- 
chusetts State College, and Dr. W. H. Camp, who is on the 
staff of the New York Botanical Garden. The day on which 
Dr. Camp spoke, there was a joint meeting of this society and 
the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 

Benevolent Fruit and Flower Mission 

Seventy years ago Miss Helen W. Tinkham taught school 
in Milton. As she returned to Boston for the week ends she 
carried with her baskets of flowers from the gardens of her 
pupils, but rarely did she have any blossoms left when she 
reached home because she could not resist the appeal to the 
children who ran up to her as she walked through the crowded 
streets and begged for a flower. 

She saw the need of linking the country and the city by the 
sharing of the products of the suburban gardens with the sick 
and lonely in the hospital wards and in the congested tenement 
districts. Her dream was realized when on May 10, 1869, the 
minister of the Hollis Street Church offered her an opportunity 
to distribute flowers from the vestry of the church once a week 
during the Summer months. Thus was started the work of the 
Benevolent Fraternity Fruit and Flower Mission, the oldest 
organization of its kind in existence. 

When the Hollis Street Church was sold, the Flower Mission 
moved to the Barnard Memorial on Pleasant Street. Rev. 
Charles Barnard was the first minister who dared to brave the 
scorn of the people by placing flowers on his pulpit. From 
there the Mission moved to the Parker Memorial on Berkeley 
Street, where the work was carried on during the Summer for 
33 years. 

In 1908 a second center was opened at Bulfinch Place Chapel 
in the West End, followed in 1919 by another center at the 
North End Union. During the Summer of 1922, the Robert 
Gould Shaw House became the distributing center for the 
South End, replacing the Parker Memorial building, which had 
been sold to the Boston Fire Department, and in 1923 a fourth 
center was opened at the South Bay Union on Harrison 
Avenue. 



ACTIVITIES AT HORTICULTURAL HALL 49 

In 1925 the trustees of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society offered the Fruit and Flower Mission a room in Hor- 
ticultural Hall and on June 1 of that year headquarters were 
established, with a secretary in charge, affording the oppor- 
tunity for a year-round ministry of friendliness. 

The two angles of the work of the Mission today are the 
organized hamper work and headquarters activities. The 
hamper work is carried on during the Summer months, June 1 
to October 1, when large hampers are filled with flowers, fruits 
and vegetables by individuals, garden clubs, church groups, 
women's clubs, civic organizations, Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, 
and the like in 33 suburban towns and are shipped to the 
North and South Stations free of charge by the railroads, to 
be collected by the truckman employed by the Mission and 
transported to the centers for distribution in the congested 
sections of the city, where the outlook can be only over paved 
streets and dreary brick and mortar walls. The empty hampers 
are returned to the railroad terminals and sent back to the 
local stations for packing the following week. 

The headquarters in Horticultural Hall provides the key to 
all the activities of the work. It is open each weekday morning 
to receive contributions that arrive from many sources ; to 
contact the centers by telephone each hamper day and to plan 
for the assembling and distribution by a loyal corps of volun- 
teers of the large donations that often fill the room. As the 
Mission grows the desk work also naturally increases. 

Some of the exhibitions of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society have made it possible to distribute flowers to 50 indi- 
viduals and institutions, the latter including hospital wards, 
clinics, neighborhood houses, homes for the aged and homes for 
working girls. 

Flowers are occasionally sent after funeral services. The set 
pieces and sprays are dissembled, the wires removed and the 
flowers placed in water. Especially lovely bouquets are made 
up from the choice blossoms. Depending entirely on volunteer 
helpers, it is essential that the Mission be notified at least a day 
in advance when funeral flowers are to be sent, in order that 
these volunteers may be reached by telephone. 

The hospital unit regularly assists in the distribution from 
Horticultural Hall, the chairman of the unit averaging two or 
three days a week during many months of the year. 



50 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Truck loads of plants are received from estates and are most 
acceptable in the neighborhood house and backyard gardens. 
Packages of seeds are also given to these groups. 

Annually the Lexington Field and Garden Club devotes a 
day in December at the home of Mrs. Hollis Webster or Mrs. 
M. Bernard Webber to the making of Christmas wreaths, 
sprays, miniature Christmas trees, Winter bouquets, balsam 
pillows and filled vases and flower pots. 

The entire distribution from Horticultural Hall is an inti- 
mate one, many of the recipients becoming real friends who 
are most appreciative of the friendliness shown to them during 
these difficult times of turmoil and uncertainty. 

A great need of the Fruit and Flower Mission is to enlist 
the co-operation of the garden clubs by the opening of their 
gardens for a benefit, in order that the small annual budget 
of the Mission may be met. 



EXHIBITIONS IN 1940 



MECHANICS BUILDING 



March 11-16 

Spring Flower Show 

HORTICULTURAL HALL 

January 26 and 27 
Camellia Show 

May 6 and 7 

Daffodil Show 

May 28 and 29 
Tulip Show 

June 7 and 8 

Iris Show 

June 19 and 20 

June Exhibition 

August 14 and 15 

Gladiolus Exhibition 

August 22 and 23 

Exhibition of the Products of Children's Gardens 

September 7 and 8 
Dahlia Exhibition 

October 9-11 

Exhibition of Fruits, Vegetables and Flowers 

November 7—10 

Autumn Flower Show 

52 



Periodicals Received, 1939 

*Library keeps only the current year on file. 

* Agricultura y Ganaderia. 

* Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales. 
Agricultural Index. 

*Agricultural News Letter. 
Agricultural Statistics. 
Alabama, Garden Club. Yearbook. 
Alpine Garden Society. Bulletin. 
Alpine Garden Society. Year Book. 
American Amaryllis Society. Year Book. 
American Association of Nurserymen. Proceedings. 

* American Bee Journal. 
American Botanist. 

American Carnation Society. Proceedings. 
American Daffodil Yearbook. 
American Dahlia Society. Bulletin. 
American Delphinium Society. Year Book. 

* American Eagle. 
American Fern Journal. 
American Forests. 

American Fruit Grower Magazine. 

American Home. 

American Iris Society. Bulletin. 

American Lily Yearbook. 

American Nurser3 7 man. Includes National Nurseryman from 

Oct., 1, 1939. 
American Orchid Society. Bulletin. 
American Peony Society. Bulletin. 
American Pomological Society. Proceedings. 
American Rock Garden Society. Yearbook. 
American Rose Annual. 
American Rose Magazine. 

American Society for Horticultural Science. Proceedings. 
American Society of Landscape Architects. Bimonthly Index to 

Current Publications of Professional Interest. 
Les Amis des Roses. 
*Aquatic Life. 

Arboretum Bulletin. (Seattle, Washington) 
Arborist's News. 

Arnold Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 
Arnold Arboretum. Journal. 
Australian Orchid Review. 
Begonian. 
Better Fruit. 

53 



54 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Better Homes and Gardens. 
Blumen- und Pflanzenbau. 

Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research. Contributions. 
Breeze Hill News. 

British Delphinium Society. Yearbook. 
British Gladiolus Society. Gladiolus Annual. 
Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Record. 
Cactus and Succulent Society of America. Journal. 
Cactus and Succulent Society of Great Britain. Cactus Journal. 
Calavo Growers of California. Annual Report. 
*Calavo News. 
California Avocado Association. Yearbook. 
California. Department of Agriculture. Bulletin. 
California Garden. 

California University. Publications in Botany. 
Canadian Florist. 

Canadian Gladiolus Society. Annual. 
Canadian Horticulture. 
Chronica Botanica. 
Le Chrysantheme. 

Chrysanthemum Society of America. Bulletin. 
City Gardens Club (New York). Bulletin. 
Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey. 

* Country Life. 
Cranberries. 

Crimea. Government Botanic Garden Miscellaneous Publications. 
Curtis's Botanical Magazine. 
Dahlia Society of Michigan. Bulletin 
*Dein Gartchen. 
Desert. 

* Earthworm. 

Edinburgh. Royal Botanic Garden. List of Seeds. 
Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society. Journal. 
Experiment Station Record. 
F. T. D. News. 
*Farm Research. 

* Fertilizer Review. 

Field Museum of Natural History. Botany Leaflet Series. 
Field Museum of Natural History. Publications. Botanical Series. 
*Field Museum of Natural History. Publications. Report Series. 
Florists' Exchange. 
Florists' Review. 
Flower Grower. 
Flowering Plants of South Africa. 




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56 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Forest Leaves. 
Four Seasons. 
Fruit World of Australasia. 
Garden Club of America. Bulletin. 
Garden Design. Discontinued with Summer 1939. 
Garden Digest. 
Garden Gate. 
Garden Glories. 
Garden Gossip. 
Garden Life. 
Garden Lover. 
Garden Path. 
* Gardener. 
Gardeners' Chronicle. 
Gardeners' Chronicle of America. 

Gardening Illustrated. Discontinued with issue of Sept. 16, 1939. 
Gardens and Gardening. Studio Gardening Annual. 
Gartenflora. 
Gartenkunst. 
Gartenschonheit. 

Geisenheimer Mitteilungen iiber Obst- und Gartenbau. 
Gentes Herbarum. 
Giardino Fiorito. 
Golden Gardens. 
Good Gardening. 
Gourd Bulletin. 

Gray Herbarium. Contributions. 
Great Britain. Ministry of Agriculture. Journal. 
Grower Talks. 
Gulf Coast Gardener. 
Hartford, Connecticut. Board of Park Commissioners. Annual 

Report. 
Harvard University. Botanical Museum. Leaflets. 
Herb Journal. 

Herb Society of America. The Herbarist. 
Hillcrest Gardens. 
Home Acres. 
Home Gardening. 
Hooker's Icones Plantarum. 
Hoosier Horticulture. 
L'Horticulteur Chalonnaise. 
Horticultural News. 
Horticultural Society of New York. Monthly Bulletin. 



PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1939 57 

Horticultural Society of New York. Yearbook. 

Horticulture. 

L'Horticulture Franchise. 

House and Garden. 

House Beautiful. 

Illinois Horticulture. 

Illinois State Horticultural Society. News Letter. 

Illinois State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Indiana Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

International Horticulture. 
*Iowa Agriculturist. 

Iowa State Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Ireland. Department of Lands and Agriculture. Journal. 

Iris Society (England). Yearbook. 

Japanese Horticultural Society. Journal. 

Jardinage. Publication suspended from Oct. 1, 1939 for duration of 
war. 

Jenkins Hemlock Arboretum. Bulletin. 

Journal of Agricultural Research. 

Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. 

Journal of Economic Entomology. 

Journal of Forestry. 

Journal of Pomology and Horticultural Science. 

Kew. Royal Gardens. Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information. 

Landscape and Garden. Publication suspended from Sept. 1, 1939. 

Landscape Architecture. 

Lawn Care. 

Lexington Leaflets. 
*Lingnan Science Journal. 

Linnean Society. Journal. 

Little Gardens. 

Lloydia. 

Louisiana Garden Club Federation. Yearbook. 

Lyon-Horticole et Horticulture Nouvelle Reunis. 

Madison Cooper's Gardening Magazine. 

Market Growers Journal. 

Massachusetts Conservation Bulletin. 

Massachusetts, Garden Club Federation. Yearbook. 

Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Year Book. 

Massachusetts Nurseryman. 

(Massachusetts) Trustees of Public Reservations. Annual Report. 

Michigan, Federated Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

Minnesota Horticulturist. 



58 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Mississippi, Garden Clubs. Official Bulletin. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Annals. 

Missouri Botanical Garden. Bulletin. 

Mollers Deutsche Gartner- Zeitung. 

Monthly Catalogue of United States Public Documents. 

Monthly Checklist of State Publications. 

Montreal. Universite. Laboratoire de Botanique. Contributions. 

Morton Arboretum. Bulletin of Popular Information. 

My Garden. 

National Auricula and Primula Society (England). Annual Report. 

National Carnation and Picotee Society (England). Annual Report 
and Yearbook. 

National Council of State Garden Club Federations. Bulletin. 

National Fertilizer Association. Proceedings. 

National Horticultural Magazine. 

National Nurseryman. Merged with American Nurseryman on 
Oct. 1, 1939. 

National Rose Society (England). Rose Annual. 

National Seedsman. 

National Seedsman Annual. 

National Shade Tree Conference. Proceedings. 
*Nature-Garden Guide. 
*Nature Magazine. 

New England Gladiolus Society. Yearbook and Supplement. 

New England Gourd Society. Bulletin. 
*New England Homestead. 
*New England Naturalist. 

New Flora and Silva. 

New Jersey Federated Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

New Jersey State Horticultural Society. News. 

New York Botanical Garden. Journal. 

New York State, Federated Garden Clubs. Newsletter. 

North and South Dakota Horticulture. 

North Carolina, Garden Club. Yearbook. 

Northern Nut Growers Association. Annual Report. 

Northwest Gardens. 

Oklahoma Gardener. 

Ontario. Horticultural Societies. Annual Report. 

Ontario. Vegetable Grower's Association. Annual Report. 
*Open Shelf. 

Orchid Review. 

Orchis. 

Oregon State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 




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PERIODICALS RECEIVED, 1939 61 

Ortofrutticoltura Italiana. 
*Parks and Recreation. 

Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. Yearbook. 
*Philippine Journal of Agriculture. 

Plant Breeding Abstracts. 

Plant Science Literature. 

La Pomologie Frangaise. 

Popular Gardening. 
•Practical Gardener. 

Real Gardening. 

Reale Societa Toscana di Orticultura. Revista. 
*Revista de Agricultura de Puerto Rico. 

Revue Horticole. 

Rhode Island Federation of Garden Clubs. Yearbook. 

Rhodora. 

Royal Caledonian Horticultural Society. Transactions. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Daffodil Yearbook. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Journal. 

Royal Horticultural Society. Lily Yearbook. 

S. A. G. (South African Gardening) 

Saxiflora. 

Scientific Horticulture. 

Scottish Forestry Journal. 

Seed Trade Buyers Guide. 

Seed Trade News. 

Seed World. 

Seedling. 

Shade Tree. 

Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report. 
•Societe d'Hortieulture de la Haute-Garonne. Annales. 

Societe Nationale d'Hortieulture de France. Bulletin. 

Societe Royale de Botanique de Belgique. Bulletin. 

South Carolina, Garden Club. Bulletin. 

South Carolina, Garden Club. Yearbook. 

South Dakota State Horticultural Society. Annual Report. 

Southern Florist and Nurseryman. 
* Southern Home and Garden. 

Subtropical Gardening. 

Success With Roses. 
•Sunset. 

•Tennessee Horticulture. 

Tennessee State Horticultural Society. Annual Convention. 
Proceedings. 



62 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Torrey Botanical Club. Bulletin. 

Torreya. 

Tribune Horticole. 

U. S. Department of Agriculture. Yearbook. 

Verein zum Schutze der Alpenfllanzen. Jahrbuch. 
*Victoria, Australia. Department of Agriculture. Journal. 

Virginia Garden Club. Yearbook. 
*Waltham, Mass. Field Station. Vegetable Growers Journal. 

Wild Flower. 

Wisconsin Horticulture. 

Worcester County Horticultural Society. Transactions and Schedule. 

Your Garden and Home. 

Zahradnicke Listy. 



Library Accessions 

New books added to the library between January 1, 1939 
and April 1, 1940. 

*To be used only in the reading room. 

HORTICULTURE 
General 
Adriance, G. W. and Brison, F. R. Propagation of horticultural 

plants. 1939. 
Biles, R. E. Book of garden magic. 1935. 
Blackburn, B. Your garden this week. 
Bush-Brown, L. America's garden book. 1939. 
Collins, A. F. Gardening for fun, health, and monej^. 1940. 
Farrington, E. I. The gardener's almanac. 1939. 
Hargrave, B. A year's gardening. 
Home Gardening diary and year book. 1939. 
Jones, W. N. Plant chimseras and graft hybrids. 1934. 
Lawrence, W. J. C. and Newell, J. Seed and potting composts, with 

special reference to soil sterilization. 1939. 
*Meager, L. The English gardener. 1670. 
Nicol, H. Plant growth substances. 1938. 
Patterson, S. Be your own gardener. 1940. 
Roach, W. A. Plant injection for diagnostic and curative purposes. 

1938. 
Scruggs, Mrs. G. R., ed. Gardening in the south and west ; rev. ed. 

1939. 
Sunset magazine. Sunset's complete garden book. 1940. 
Yarbrough, J. A. Studies in propagation by foliage leaves (repr. 

from American journal of botany June 1932 — April 1936) . 

Chemical culture 

Connors, C. H. Chemical gardening for the amateur : gardening 
without soil made easy. 1939. 

Dawson, C. D. and Dorn, M. V. Plant chemiculture : guide to experi- 
ments in growing plants without soil; 2d ed. rev. and enl. 1938. 

. Same ; 3d ed. rev. and enl. 1939. 

Matlin, D. R. Growing plants without soil. 1939. 

Turner, W. I. Growing plants in nutrient solutions ; or Scientifically 
controlled growth. 1939. 

Garden club activities. Flower shows 

Coombs, S. V. Garden club programs. 1938. 
Lewis, B. W. How to exhibit flowers, fruit and vegetables. 1938. 
Mount Royal garden club, Baltimore. Mount Royal garden blue 
book. 1937. 

63 



64 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

National Council of State garden clubs. Judging the amateur flower 
show; 2d ed. 1939. 

Insects. Diseases 

Compton, C. C. Greenhouse pests. 1930. 

King, E. Garden creatures. 1939. 

McDaniel, E. I. Insect and allied pests of plants grown under glass. 

1931. 
Parks, T. H. Control of garden insects and diseases. 1935. 
Smith, K. M. Textbook of plant virus diseases. 1937. 
Walker, J. C. Diseases of vegetable crops; rev. ed. 1939. 
Weigel, C. A. Insects injurious to ornamental greenhouse plants. 

1923. 

Genetics. Plant breeding 

Burbank, L. Partner of nature, ed. by W. Hall. 1939. 

Crane, M. B. and Lawrence, W. J. C. Genetics of garden plants ; 

2ded. 1938. 
Hurst, C. C. The mechanism of creative evolution. 1932. 
Sansome, F. W. and Philp, J. Recent advances in plant genetics ; 2d 

ed. rev. and rewritten. 1939. 
Sinnott, E. W. Principles of genetics ; 3d ed. 1939. 

Soils and fertilizers 

Collings, G. H. Commercial fertilizers, their sources and uses ; 2d ed. 

1938. 
Gustafson, A. F. Handbook of fertilizers; 3d ed. 1939. 
Russell, E. J. Plant nutrition and crop production. 1926. 

. Soil conditions and plant growth ; 7th ed. 1937. 

Waksman, S. A. Humus, origin, chemical composition, and 

importance in nature ; 2d ed. rev. 1938. 

ORNAMENTAL PLANTS 

General 

*Arena, F. La nature e coltura de' fiori, fisicamente esposta in due 

trattati, con nuova ragioni, osservazioni, e sperienze. 1767-1768. 

2v. 
Barber, C. F. Our garden, and glimpses through its secret gate. 1939. 
Cockayne, L. Cultivation of New Zealand plants. 1924. 
Conn, federation of garden clubs. Project plants: suggested seeds, 

plants and shrubs for trial (with supplement) 1938. 
Cornell, R. D. Conspicuous California plants, with notes on their 

garden uses. 1938. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 65 

Correvon, H. Champs et bois fleuris ; 2e ed. 1937. 

. Fleurs des eaux et des marais. 1938. 

Ghedini, L. Coltivazione eittadina de piante e fiori nei giardinetti e 

cortilli e sulle terraze, balconie finistre. 1937. 
'Hibberd, S. New and rare beautiful leaved plants; 2d ed. 1891. 
Hoyt, R. S. Check lists for the ornamental plants of subtropical 

regions. 1938. 
Kilpatrick, V. E. The child's food garden, with a few suggestions for 

flower culture. 1918. 
McAtee, W. L. Wildfowl food plants, their value, propagation, and 

management. 1939. 
Nichols B., Green grows the city. 1939. 
'Ragonet-Godefroy. La pensee, la violette, l'auricule ou oreille d'ours, 

la primevere, histoire et culture. 1844. 
Shewell-Cooper, W. E. The garden pool. 1938. 
Wells, A. L. Garden ponds, fish and fountains. 1937. 

Special 

Bailey, L. H. The garden of larkspurs. 1939. 

Brown, J. R. Succulents for the amateur. 1939. 

Buxton, B. R. Begonias. 1939. 

Clifton, W. A. R. The geranium, its history and cultivation; 3d ed. 

rev. 1930? 
Cook, L. J. Perpetual carnations, a handbook to their cultivation ; 

2d and rev. ed. 1938. 
Cumming, A. Hardy chrysanthemums. 1939. 
Dawson, R. B. Practical lawn craft. 1939. 
Day, H. A. Flowers of the desert : how to grow cacti and other 

succulent plants. 1938. 
Duchartre, P. Observations sur la structure et la multiplication du 

Lilium thomsonianum. 
Franchet, A. Nomocharis. 
Haselton, S. E. Cacti for the amateur; a complete guide in the 

interest of cactus collectors. 1938. 
Jacobsen, H. Cultivation of succulents ; trans, by Mrs. V. Higgins. 

1939. 
Luxford, K. Culture of the chrysanthemum; 4th rev. ed. 1938. 
Macfie, D. T. Lilies for the garden and greenhouse. 
Macself , A. J. Grass : a new and thoroughly practical book on grass 

for ornamental lawns and all purposes of sports and games. 1924. 
Merritt, M. G. Practical lawn care. 1939. 
Niwa, Teizo. Chrysanthemums of Japan. 1937. 
Otten, G. Tuberous rooted begonias and their culture. 1935. 
Parker, C. W. The lawn; 2d ed. 1939. 



66 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Royal horticultural society. Classified list of daffodil names: new ed. 
1938. 



— — . Classified list of tulip names ; new ed. 1939. 
Slate, G. L. Lilies for American gardens. 1939. 
White, E. A. American orchid culture; 2d ed. 1939. 

House plants. Home greenhouse 
Abbott, D. T. The indoor gardener. 1939. 
Dakers, J. S. The modern greenhouse, a new and practical guide to 

the management of the warm and cool greenhouse, 1938. 
Macself, A. J. The amateur's greenhouse; 2d ed. 1937. 
Shewell-Cooper, W. E. Home, window and roof gardening. 1938. 

Rock and alpine gardening 

Bissland, J. H. The rock garden and what to grow in it. 1939. 
Boothman, S. The alpine house and its plants. 1938. 
Takeda, H. Alpine flowers of Japan, descriptions of 100 select 
species, together with cultural methods. 1938. 

Trees and shrubs 
Bean, W. J. Wall shrubs and hardy climbers. 1939. 
Brown, H. P. Trees of northeastern U. S. 1938. 
Conn, federation of garden clubs. Hardy shrubs and small trees for 

succession of bloom. 1938, 
Cummings, E. G. Brookline's trees: a history of the Committee for 

planting trees of Brookline, Mass., and a record of some of its 

trees. 1938. 
Foerster, K. Staudenbilderbuch. 1937. 
Fry, W. and White, J. R. Big trees ; rev. ed. 1938. 
Green, C. H. Trees of the South. 1939. 
Hansen, N. E. Ornamental trees of South Dakota. 1931. 

. Shrubs and climbing vines of South Dakota. 1931. 

Haworth-Booth, M. The flowering shrub garden, 1939. 
Hornibrook, M. Dwarf and slow-growing conifers ; 2d ed. rev. 1939. 
Lamb, F. H. Book of the broadleaf trees. 1939. 

. Sagas of the evergreens, the story of their economic, social and 

cultural contribution. 1938. 
Marx, D. S. Learn the trees from leaf prints. 1939. 
Peet, L. H. Trees and shrubs of Central Park (New York). 1903. 
Reynolds, H. Planning to plant shade trees, a new system proposed 

for greater safety, beauty and economy. 1939. 
Rowntree, L. Flowering shrubs of California and their value to the 

gardener. 1939 
Russell, P. Oriental flowering cherries. 1938. 
Shirley, J. C. Redwoods of coast and sierra; 2d ed. 1937. 
Shoemaker, J. S. Trees and shrubs in Alberta. 1938. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 67 

ECONOMIC PLANTS 
General 

"Agricultural society of Japan. Useful plants of Japan described and 

illustrated. 1895-1896. 9v. 
Ames, 0. Economic annuals and human cultures. 1939. 
Brown, W. H., ed. Minor products of Philippine forests. 1920-1921. 

3v. 
Chester county (Penn.) mushroom laboratory. Manual of mushroom 

culture; 2d ed. 1938. 
Holland, J. H. Overseas plant products. 1937. 
Laufer, B. The American plant migration, v. 1, the potato. 1938. 
Mairet, E. M. Vegetable dyes, being a book of recipes and other 

information useful to the dyer. 1938. 
Pope, F. W. Processes in dyeing with vegetable dye and by other 

means, with a chapter on block printing. 1939. 
Thomas, W. S. Field book of common mushrooms; new and enl. ed. 

1936. 

Vegetables 

Bullock, H., comp. Williamsburg art of cookery; or The 

accomplished gentlewoman's companion. 1938. 
Farrington, E. I. The vegetable garden. 1939. 
Quarrell, C. P. Intensive salad production, including some 

vegetables. 1938. 
Rohde, E. S. Vegetable cultivation and cookery. 1938. 
Smith, T. French gardening. 1909. 
Spencer, A. P. Florida vegetables. 1937. 
Tapley, W. Vegetables of New York, the cucurbits. 1937. 
Thompson, H. C. Vegetable crops; 3d ed. 1939. 
Browm, C. The vegetable cook book: from trowel to table. 1939. 
Weaver, J. E. Root development of field crops. 1926. 

Fruits 

Chasset, L. Manuel d'arboriculture fruitiere. 1938. 
Gardner, V. R. The fundamentals of fruit production; 2d ed. 1939. 
Garner, R. J. and Walker W. F. Frameworking of fruit trees. 1938. 
Talbert, T. J. and Murneek, A. E. Fruit crops; principles and 

practices of orchard and small fruit culture. 1939. 
Tolkowsky, S. Hesperides, a history of the culture and use of citrus 

fruits. 1939. 

Herbs 

Aesculape. Les plantes qui guerissent, dans Fart, Fhistoire et la 

litterature. 1938. 
Brown, G. M. An herb primer; rev. ed. 1939. 



68 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Clarkson, R. E. Magic gardens. 1939. 

Dennis, M. C. What to do with herbs, with an appendix of recipes. 

1939. 
Mazza, I. G. Herbs for the kitchen. 1939. 
Medsger, 0. P. Edible wild plants. 1939. 
Mountfort, A. Grandmother's herbs and simples. 1938. 
Muenscher, W. C. Poisonous plants of the United States. 1939. 
Muir, A. Healing herbs of the zodiac. 1938. 
Rohde, E. S. Rose recipes. 1939. 
*Sprague, T. A. The herbal of Valerius Cordus. 1939. 
Ward, H. Herbal manual : medicinal, toilet, culinary and other uses 

of 130 of the most commonly used herbs. 1936. 
Webster, H. N. Herbs, how to grow them, and how to use them ; 2d ed. 

1939. 
White, F., comp. Flowers as food : receipts and lore from many 

sources. 1934. 
Youngken, H. W. Studies on commercial psyllium seeds : 

Observations on three Louisiana capsicums : Pharmacognosy . . . 

of virburnum. 

Nursery trade 

Chadwick, L. C. Compiling a new nursery list : selection of superior 

varieties of woody deciduous ornamental plants. 1939. 
Cox, J. F. Seed production and marketing. 1927. 
*Entoma; ed. 3 : a directory of insect pest control. 1939. 
Gt. Britain. Colonial office. A summary of legislation relating to 

the introduction of plants into the colonial dependencies of 

the British Empire as at the end of Dec. 1936. 
Kache, P. Die Praxis des Baumschulbetriebes ; 2e neubearb. aufl. 

1938. 
*Keith's florist directory and horticultural guide, listing Canadian . . . 

florists, etc. 1938 
Laurie, A. and Poesch, G. H. Commercial flower forcing; 2d ed. 

1939. 
*Manning, J. W. Plant buyer's index ; 4th ed. 1939. 
Shewell-Cooper, W. E. Modern flower growing for profit; 2d and 

rev. ed. 1938. 
Watts, R. L. Vegetable growing business. 1939. 
White, E. A. The florist business. 1933. 

GARDEN DESIGN 

General 

Bardswell, F. A. Sea-coast gardens and gardening. 1908. 
*Boyceau de la Baraudiere, J. Traite du jardinage, selon les raisons de 
la nature et de l'art. 1638. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 69 

Damerini, G. Giardini de Venezia. 1931. 
*Dezallier d'Argenville, A. J. T. Theory and practice of gardening, by 

the Sieur A. LeBlond, trans, by John James ; 2d ed. 1728. 
Jensen, J. Siftings. 1939. 
Johnson, A. T. The garden to-day. 1938. 
Josselyn, M. Garden dots, with four suggested plans drawn by Marie 

Harbeck. 1939. 
Morse, H. K. Gardening in the shade. 1939. 
Ortloff, H. S. and Raymore, H. B. Garden planning and building. 

1939. 
Stebbing, M. E. A calendar of garden colour. 1939. 
Storm, K. The small garden : planning and planting for permanence. 

1939. 
Sudell, R. The town garden. 1939. 
Wayside Gardens. Garden building-blox. 1939. 
Whitman, G. S. Within my garden walls. 1939. 

Descriptions of gardens 

American soc. of landscape architects. Boston chapter. Year book. 

1929. 
Brookgreen gardens, inc. Brookgreen gardens. 1938. 
Corpechot, L. Pares et jardins de France (Les jardins de 

Intelligence). 1937. 
De Mauny, count. The gardens of Taprobane. 1937. 
Greber, J. Jardins modernes : exposition inter nationale de 1937. 
Hanbury, Sir C. La Mortola gardens : Hortus Mortolensis, being an 

illustrated catalogue of the plants cultivated. 1938. 
Henderson, A. Old homes and gardens in North Carolina. 1939. 
Hertrich, W. A guide to the desert plant collection in the Huntington 

Botanical Gardens. 1937. 
James, H. The romance of the national parks. 1939. 
Kennedy, H. W., comp. Vignettes of the gardens of San Jose de 

Guadalupe. 1938. 
Nussey, H. G. London gardens of the past. 1939 
Shaffer, E. T. H. Carolina gardens . . . the history, romance and 

tradition of many gardens of two states through more than two 

centuries. 1937. 

. Same; 2d ed. 1939. 

Stevens, W. 0. Charleston, historic city of gardens. 1939. 
Stoney, S. G. Charleston, azaleas and old bricks, illus. by Bayard 

Wootten. 1937. 
Veendorp, H. Hortus academicus Lugduno-Batavus, 1587-1937. 
Virginia garden club. Homes and gardens in old Virginia; new and 

rev. ed. 1931. 



70 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

BOTANY 
General 

Bower, F. 0. Sixty years of botany in Britain (1875-1935) : 

impressions of an eye-witness. 1938. 
Browning, G. H. Botany for fun. 1938. 
Durand, T. Index generum phanerogamorum . . . 1887 ... in 

Benthami et Hookeri Genera Plantarum f undatus. 1888. 
Harvey-Gibson, R. J. Outlines of the history of botany. 1919. 
Hylander, C. J. The world of plant life. 1939. 
Jones, S. G. Introduction to floral mechanism. 1939. 
McKenny, M. and Johnson, E. F. A book of wild flowers. 1939. 
Mangham, S. Earth's green mantle : plant science for the general 

reader. 1939. 
Mass. Department of education. A course of study in science for 

the elementary school grades (I- VI). 1931. 
Miller, E. C. Plant physiology; 2d ed. 1938. 
Paterson, D. D. Statistical technique in agricultural research : a 

simple exposition of practice and procedure in biometry. 1939. 
Peattie, D. C. Flowering earth. 1939. 
Redoute, P. J. Choix des plus belles fleurs, foreword by Mme Collette. 

1939. 

. Choix des plus belles roses, foreword by J.-L. Vaudoyer. 1939. 

. Roses and bouquets : introduction by H. Verne. 1939. 

Tincker, M. A. H. The growth of plants in relation to cultivation. 

1938. 
Verrill, A. H. Wonder plants and plant wonders. 1939. 
Walton, G. L. Guide to the wild flowers and fruits. 1909. 

Monographs 

Broun, M., comp. and ed. Index to North American ferns, 

constituting a catalogue of the ferns and fern allies of North 

America north of Mexico. 1938. 
Chase, A. First book of grasses, structure of grasses explained for 

beginners ; rev. ed. 1937. 
Froderstrom, H. The genus Sedum, a systematic essay. 1930-1935. 
Kew. Royal gardens. Hand-list of Conijerce, Cycadacece and 

Gnetacece; 4th ed. 1938. 
Nylander, 0. O. Cast alia tetragona in Salmon Brook Lake bog 

(Maine). 1938. 
Scheerlinck, H. De Azalea indica L. 1938. 

Floras 

Atchley, S. C. Wild flowers of Attica, illus. by W. O. Everett, 
prepared for pub. by W. B. Turrill. 1938. 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 71 

Brainerd, E. Flora of Vermont :list of fern and seed plants growing 

without cultivation, prepared . . . for the Vermont Botanical Club. 

1900. 
Clements, E. S. Flowers of coast and sierra. 1928. 
Fogg, J. M. Flora of Elizabeth Islands. 1930. 

Emberger, L. Les arbres du Maroc et comment les reconnaitre. 1938. 
Jones, L. R. Vermont shrubs and woody vines. 1909. 
Ogden, E. C. The herbaceous flowering plants in the vicinity of 

Orono, Maine. 1935. 
Peattie, D. C. Flora of the Indiana dunes: a handbook of the 

flowering plants and ferns of the Lake Michigan coast of Indiana 

and of the Calumet district. 1930. 
Roberts, E. A. and Reynolds, H. W. Role of plant life in the history 

of Dutchess Co., New York. 1938. 
Ruskin, J. Proserpine : studies of wayside flowers . . . among the 

Alps, Scotland and England. 1882. 2v. 
Sharpies, A. W. Alaska wild flowers. 1938. 
Tresidder, M. Trees of Yosemite, popular account. 1932. 

THE LAND 

Country life 
Gathorne-Hardy, R. Three acres and a mill. 1939. 
Hennell, T. Change in the farm. 1936. 
Leighton, C. Country matters. 1937. 
Noyes, A. Orchard's Bay. 1939. 
Taber, G. Harvest at Stillmeadow. 1940. 

Conservation 

American planning and civic annual, 1937-1938. 2v. 

Baer, M. E. Pandora's box : the story of conservation. 1939. 

Dahlberg, E. M. Conservation of renewable resources; 2nd ed. 1939. 

McKenny, M. Birds in the garden. 1939. 

Nicholas, B. M. Garden bird sanctuaries. 1939. 

Rowntree, L. Conservation data. 1937. 

Agriculture 

Baer, U. Farmers of tomorrow. 1939. 

Hedges, C. C. The application of chemistry to agriculture. 1938. 
Pellett, F. C. History of American beekeeping. 1938. 
Robertson, A. The government at your service. 1939. 

FORESTRY 

Allen, S. W. An introduction to American forestry. 1938. 
DuPuy, W. A. The nation's forests. 1938. 
MacDougal, D. T. Tree growth. 1938. 



72 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

FINE ARTS 
General 

Allen, B. S. Tides in English taste (1619-1800) : a background for the 

study of literature. 1937. 2v. 
American institute of architects. Education com. The significance of 

the fine arts. 
Evans, J. Nature in design : a study of naturalism in decorative art 

from the Bronze Age to the Renaissance. 1933. 
Faulkner, H. W. Decorative plant forms. 1939. 
Guptill, A. L. Sketching and rendering in pencil. 1922. 
New Haven garden club. Color chart. 
Opdike, G. H. Art and nature appreciation. 
Royal horticultural society. Horticultural colour chart, v. 1. 1939. 
Sloane, R. C. Elements of topographic drawing. 1930. 
Spry, C. Constance Spry's garden notebook. 1940. 

Flower arrangement 

Ackerman, I. and others. Harmony in flower design. 1939. 
Charles, J. B., comp. Flowers and still life, an anthology in paint. 
Ferguson, D. and Sheldon, R. Fun with flowers, how to arrange 

yourself and your flowers. 1939. 
Mason, E. and Waas, E. Miniature flower arrangement. 1938. 
Moribana and heikwa : selected flower arrangements of the Ohara 

school, arranged by Koun Ohara, v.2. 1938. 
National council of state garden clubs. Twelve colored prints of 

flower arrangements made at flower shows. 1939. 
Nishikawa, I. Floral art of Japan. 1936. 
Shigemori, M. The art of flower arrangement in Japan, trans, by M.- 

Hashizume. 1933. 
Tsujii, K. Japanese orthodox flower arrangement, Misho-Go-Ryu 

and Saga-Ryu schools. 1938. 

ESSAYS AND POETRY 

Arkell, R. More green fingers, another present for a good gardener. 

1938. 
*Butler, J. R. Floralia : garden paths and by-paths of the 18th 

century. 1938. 
Cran, M. Gardens of character. 1939. 
Eaton, W. P. New England vista. 1930. 
Johns, W. E. The passing show : a garden diary by an amateur 

gardener. 1937. 
Jones, L. S. Put a feather in your hat. 1938. 
Lucas, J. M. Where did your garden grow ? 1939 



LIBRARY ACCESSIONS 73 

Quinn, V. Stories and legends of garden flowers. 1939. 
Rohde, E. S., comp. The garden lover's days. 1929. 

. The gardener's week-end book. 1939. 

Sitwell, S. Old fashioned flowers. 1939. 

Stephens, T. K., comp. My Garden's good-night. 1939. 

Stoker, F. A gardener's progress. 1938. 

Synge, P. M. Plants with personality : pen and ink drawings by John 

Nash and prints from "The temple of flora" and other sources. 

1939. 
*Tyas, R. Flowers and heraldry; or Floral emblems and heraldic 

figures. 1851. 

BIOGRAPHY AND TRAVEL 

Biography 

Humphreys, A. R. William Shenstone, an eighteenth century 

portrait. 1937. 
Lavondes, A. Olivier de Serves, seigneur du Pradel. 1936. 

Travel 

Fullerton, A. To Persia for flowers. 1938. 

Holton, I. F. New Granada: twenty months in the Andes. 1856. 

Humphrey, Z. Cactus forest. 1938. 

MacDonald, N. The orchid hunters. 1939. 

Matschat, C. H. Suwannee River, strange green land. 1938. 

Pickwell, G. Deserts. 1939. 

Smythe, F. S. The valley of flowers. 1938. 

Synge, P. Mountains of the Moon; an expedition to the equatorial 

mountains of Africa. 1938. 
Vareschi, V. Mountains in flower. 1939. 

REFERENCE 

General 

Cumulative book index, 1933-1937. 

International institute of agriculture. Classification scheme of 

agricultural science. 1934. 

. International directory of agricultural libraries. 1939. 

Merrill, E. D. and Walker, E. H., ed. Bibliography of eastern 

Asiatic botany. 1938. 
Merrill, W. S. Code for classifiers; 2d ed. rev. 1939. 
U. S. Department of agriculture. Abbreviations used in the Dep't 

for titles of publications. 1939. 

. Index to publications of the Dep't 1931-1935. 

. List of periodicals currently received in the library. 1936. 



74 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

U. S. Bureau of chemistry and soils. Index to publications . . . 1862- 
1937, v. 1. 1939. 

Scientific dictionaries 

Carpenter, J. R., comp. An ecological glossary. 1938. 

DeVries, L. German-English science dictionary for students in the 

agricultural, biological and physical sciences. 1939. 
Zander, R. Worterbuch der gaertnerischen Fachausdrucke in vier 

Sprachen ; 3e aufl. 1938. 

Plant names 

Clute, W. N. Second book of plant names. 1939. 

Hottes, A. C, comp. Home gardener's pronouncing dictionary ; 

3ded. 1937. 
International congress of botany, 5th, Cambridge, Eng., 1930. 

International rules of botanical nomenclature ; 3d ed. 1935. 
Pronouncing dictionary of plant names. 



Gifts to the Library 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society acknowledges with 
thanks gifts to the library from the following donors : 

Ames, Professor Oakes. 

Economic annuals and human cultures, by Oakes Ames. 1939. 

Blossom, Elizabeth T. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 

Brigham, Margaret. 

The historic trees of Massachusetts, by J. R. Simmons. 1919. 

Chilson, L. S. 

Florieultural cabinet and florist's magazine, v. 1-9. 
Mar. 1833-Dec. 1841. 

Connecticut Federation of Garden Clubs 

Hardy shrubs and small trees for succession of blooms. 
House plants : begonias and geraniums : other plants and bulbs. 
Project plants : suggested seeds, plants and shrubs for trial. 
Bulbs you may not know. 

Craig, William N. 

Lilies and their culture in Xorth America, by W. X. Craig. 1928. 

Crosby, Mrs. S. V. R. 

American planning and civic annual, 1938. 

Cummings, Emma G. 

Brookline's trees : a history of the Committee for planting trees 
of Brookline, Mass., by E. G. Cummings. 1938. 

Edson, Mrs. A. L. 

Floral art of Japan, by Issotei Xishikawa. 1936. 

Goss, Mrs. George. 

Fleurs anciennes, ed. par A. Garcet, ser. 1-2. 

Herb Society of America. (Xorton Memorial). 

Art of simpling, by W. Coles, 1657, reprinted 1938. 

Delightes for ladies, written originally by Sir Hugh Plat, first 

printed in 1602 ; repr. from the ed. of 1627, illus. from the ed. 

of 1609, collated and ed. by V. and H. W. Trovilion. 1939. 
Gardener's labyrinth, or a new art of gardening, by T. Hyll, 

1652, reprinted 1939. 
Herb primer ; rev. ed., by G. M. Brown. 
Mediaeval gardens, by Sir Frank Crisp. 1924. 2 v. 
Xature in design, by J. Evans. 1933. 
Les plantes qui guerissent, dans Part, l'histoire et la litterature, 

from Aesculape, 1938. 
Processes in dyeing with vegetable dye and by other means, 

with a chapter on block printing, by F. W. Pope. 1939. 

75 



76 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Romance of perfume lands ; or the Search for Capt. Jacob Cole, 
by F. S. Clifford. 1875. 

Suwannee River, strange green land, by C. M. Matschat. 1938. 

Toilet of Flora ; or A collection of the most simple and approved 
methods of preparing baths, essences . . . and sweet scented 
waters; new ed., 1779, reprinted 1939. 

Vegetable dyes, being a book of recipes and other information 
useful to the dyer, by E. M. Mairet. 1938. 

Williamsburg art of cookery, or the Accomplish'd gentle- 
woman's companion, comp. by H. Bullock. 1938. 

Holton, Mrs. Charles S. 

New Granada: twenty months in the Andes, by I. F. Holton. 
1856. 

Houghton, Mrs. Clement S. 

Various contrivances by which orchids are fertilized by insects ; 
by C. Darwin; 2d ed. rev. 1889. 

Huntington Botanical Gardens. 

A guide to the desert plant collection in the Huntington Botani- 
cal Gardens, by W. Hertrich. 1937. 

Jackson, Robert Tracy. 

American flower garden directory, by Hibbert and Buist. 1834. 
Concise and practical treatise on the growth and culture of the 

carnation, pink . . . tulip, etc., by T. Hogg. 1820. 
European ferns, by J. Britten. 
Illustrations of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, by E. J. 

Wallis. 1900. 
New American gardener ; 4th ed., by T. G. Fessenden. 1830. 
Phantom flowers, a treatise on the art of producing skeleton 

leaves. 1868. 

Judd, William H. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 

Maine, Garden Club Federation. 

Castalia tetragona in Salmon Brook Lake bog, by 0. O. Nylander. 
1938. 

Nehrling, Arno H. 

Our gardens; 4th ed., by S. R. Hole. 1901. 
Year book 2, American Amaryllis Society. 1935. 

Parker, Charles Henry, in memory of Mrs. Parker. 
According to season, by Mrs. W. S. Dana. 
The beauties of nature and the wonders of the world we live in, 

by Sir J. Lubbock. 
The book of roses, by F. Parkman. 
Common wayside flowers, by T. Miller, 



GIFTS TO THE LIBRARY 77 

The floral art of Japan, by J. Conder. 

Flowers and their pedigrees; 2d ed., by G. Allen. 

The garden of Japan, a year's diary of its flowers ; 2d ed., by 

F. T. Piggott. 
History of gardening in England, by A. Amherst. 
How to know the wild flowers, by Mrs. W. S. Dana. 
Italian villas and their gardens, by E. Wharton. 
Jack-in-the-pulpit, ed. by J. G. Whittier. 
Japanese flower arrangement, by M. Averill. 
North American trees, by N. L. Britton. 
Old-time gardens newly set forth, by A. M. Earle. 
The procession of flowers in Colorado, by Helen Jackson 

(H.H.). 
Typical elms and other trees of Massachusetts, by L. L. Dame 

and H. Brooks. 

Phillips, Mrs. Gertrude W. 

Alphabetical iris check list, American Iris Society. 1929 

Preston, Isabella. 

Collection of nursery catalogues. 

Simpson, Nellie I. 

Flower and fruit watercolors. 2 v. 

Thibodeau, John. 

Lilies for the garden and greenhouse, by D. T. Macfie. 

Tillinghast, Helen M. 

First gourd book, 3d printing, by H. M. Tillinghast. 1939. 

Williams, Mrs. Frances. 

Studies on commercial psyllium seeds (and other papers), by 
H. W. Young-ken. 



Garden Clubs Not Members of the 
Massachusetts Federation 

Abington Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. John B. Kent, 966 Hancock St., North Abington. 
Secretary, Mrs. Henry E. Claflin, 1164 Washington St., North 
Abington. 

Acton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ernest H. Washburn, Concord Rd., Acton. 

Secretary, Mrs. Arthur Hall, Main St., Acton. 

Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Donald Thomas, 12 Cambridge St., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. Fred E. Babcock, 855 South Main St., Attleboro. 

Bernardston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Margaret Dunnell, South St., Bernardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Georgianna Herrick, Northfield Rd., Bernardston. 

Beverly Improvement Society. 

President, Miss Winifred P. Upton, 10 Highland Ave., Beverly. 
Secretary, Miss Mary Marston, 41 Essex St., Beverly. 

Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. H. Loring Jenkins, 21 Park Ter., Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frank W. Burrill, 64 Pleasant St., Bridgewater. 

Chartley Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Earl P. Cooper, 1030 Pleasant St., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Miss Louise Cooper, 900 Pleasant St., Attleboro. 

Clinton Woman's Club, Department of Gardens of the. 
Chairman, Mrs. A. D. Perham, 536 High St., Clinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. William Hoffman, Clinton. 

Cohasset. Amateur Gardeners. 

President, Mrs. Burt M. Bristol, Cohasset. 
Secretary, Mrs. Philip L. Towle, Cohasset. 

East Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Merton F. Ellis, 446 West St., East Bridgewater. 
Secretary, Mrs. Arthur K. Thomas, 1078 Plymouth St., East 
Bridgewater. 

Easton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Robert B. Porter, 3 Day St., Easton. 
Secretary, Miss Anna Sheehan, 43 Sheridan St., Easton. 

Endicott Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ruth Bestwick, Taylor Rd., Dedham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Clara Cobbett, Sprague St., Dedham. 

78 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 79 

Foxboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Corodon S. Fuller, Baker St., Foxboro. 
Secretary, Miss Laura F. Taylor, 83 North St., Foxboro. 

Franklin Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ernest Metcalf, 11 West Central St., Franklin. 
Secretary, Mrs. Raymond Dean, 130 School St., Franklin. 

Georgetown Woman's Club, Garden Department of. 

Chairman, Mrs. Irving Chesley, 138 Central St., Georgetown. 
Secretary, Mrs. Charles Legal, 146 Elm St., Georgetown. 

Hampden Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Carl Larson, South Rd., Hampden. 
Secretary, Mrs. W. Kitte, R. F. D. 1, East Longmeadow. 

Hampshire County Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Warren D. McAvoy, Village Hill Rd., 

Williamsburg. 
Secretary, Mrs. A. L. Judge, 169 Chestnut St., Northampton. 

Hanover Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. David Bailey, Norwell. 
Secretary, Mrs. Gilbert Ordway, Hanover. 

High Street Hill Garden Club. 

Chairman, Mrs. James Aldrich, 270 Boylston St., Brookline. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester S. Keefer, 14 Allerton St., Brookline. 

Holden Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. A. Kirke Warren, Main St., Holden. 
Secretary, Mrs. Donald W. Holton, Main St., Holden. 

Holliston Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Allen R. Bliss, 9 Concord St., East Holliston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Benjamin W. Barthelomew, Norfolk St., Holliston. 

Hopedale Woman's Club, Garden Department of. 

Chairman, Mrs. Paul C. Grant, Jr., 113 Dutcher St., Hopedale. 
Secretary, Mrs. Gordon Clark, Dutcher St., Hopedale. 

Hopkinton Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. William H. Dempsey, Main St., Hopkinton. 
Secretary, Mrs. John Beattie, C St., Hopkinton. 

Hubbardston Continuation Club. 

President, Mrs. Lillian Lyon, Hubbardston. 
Secretary, Mrs. Beatrice Slade, Hubbardston. 

Marblehead Woman's Club, Conservation and Garden Group of. 
Chairman, Mrs. William H. Riley, 39 Harris St., Marblehead. 
Secretary, Mrs. Parker Kemble, Washington St., Marblehead. 



80 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL. SOCIETY 

Marlborough Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Robert P. Frye, 234 Pleasant St., Marlborough. 
Secretary, Mrs. George C. Day, Bigelow St., Marlborough. 

Medford Hillside, Garden Group of Mother's Club of. 
Chairman, Mrs. E. C. Norse, 40 Mystic St., West Medford. 
Secretary, Mrs. L. B. Walther, 56 Greenleaf Ave., Medford Hillside. 

Monson Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Fred Rindge, Granite St., Monson. 
Secretary, Mrs. Mary Louise Bradway, 3 Ely Rd., Monson. 

Needham, The Men's Garden Club of. 

President, Mr. George B. Hemming, 152 Great Plain Ave., 

Needham. 
Secretary, Mr. Stanley B. Wheeler, 47 Emerson Rd., Needham. 

New Century Garden and Conservation Club. 

President, Mrs. Catherine Enard, 96 Rumford Ave., Mansfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. Annis Binns, 249 West St., Mansfield. 

Newton Upper Falls Garden Club. 

President, Miss A. Gertrude Osborne, 117 High St., Newton Upper 

Falls. 
Secretary, Miss Alice Temperley, 85 Thurston Rd., Newton Upper 

Falls. 

Northampton Woman's Club, Garden Department of the. 
Chairman, Miss Anna Adele Cheriot, 367 Prospect St., 

Northampton. 
Secretary, Mrs. Roy VonHof en, 43 Monroe St., Northampton. 

North Attleboro Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Elizabeth G. Flint, Elmwood St., North Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mr. Harry L. Dixon, 73 South St., Plainville. 

Oxford Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. William W. Taft, Box 312, Oxford. 
Secretary, Mrs. Maurice Healy, Oxford. 

Pelham Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 

Chairman, Mrs. Herman Goodell, R. D. 2, Amherst. 
Secretary, Mrs. Raymond C. Robinson, R. D. 2, Amherst. 

Pembroke-Hanson Garden Club. 

President, Miss Marion Cole, Spring St., East Pembroke. 
Secretary, Mrs. Ann Chevigny, Wampatuck St., Pembroke. 

Pepperell Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Warren C. Fuller, Galinapom Farm, Pepperell. 
Secretary, Mrs. J. Orrin Williams, Jr., The Village Farm, East 
Pepperell. 



GARDEN CLUBS NOT MEMBERS OF MASSACHUSETTS FEDERATION 81 

Rehoboth Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Thaddeus Tilton, Perryville Rd., Attleboro. 
Secretary, Mrs. George Halliwell, Summer St., Rehoboth. 

Rochester Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Henry Olanssen, Rochester. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester H. Cowen, Rochester. 

Rockland Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Arthur Farley, Vernon St., Rockland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Minot Stoddard, West Hanover. 

Shelburne Falls Garden Club. 
President, Mr. Robert Lillpopp, Main St., Shelburne Falls. 
Secretary, Mrs. Fred M. Schontag, 51 Prospect St., Shelburne Falls. 

Sohoanno Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Charles Winter, East St., Wrentham. 
Secretary, Mrs. H. C. Hagopian, Franklin St., Wrentham. 

Southborough Woman's Club, Garden Group of. 
Chairman, Mrs. Charles M. Proctor, Fayville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Chester M. Bean, Box 52, Cordaville. 

Southbridge Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Fred H. Marden, 19 Winter St., Southbridge. 

Secretary, Mrs. Russell Cole, 119 Chestnut St., Southbridge. 

South Warren Community Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. Kenneth Tuttle, R.F.D. 1, West Brookfield. 
Secretary, Mrs. D. Walker Cheney, R.F.D., Brimfield. 

Spencer Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Hazel Andrews, Wire Village, Spencer. 
Secretary, Mrs. Elsie Hitchings, Hillsville, Spencer. 

Stoneham Garden Club. 
President, Miss Clara May Jones, 13 Cedar Ave., Stoneham. 
Secretary, Mrs. Ernest R. Grauman, 9 Broadway, Stoneham. 

Sunderland Woman's Club, Garden Section of. 
Chairman, Miss Ida Clark, Sunderland. 
Secretary, Mrs. Dewey McLeay, Sunderland. 

Swansea, Country Garden Club of. 
President, Mrs. Raymond Boyd, South Swansea. 
Secretary, Mrs. Alice Smales, Touisset. 

Tewksbury Garden Club. 
President, Mrs. M. P. Mahoney, Whipple Rd., Tewksbury. 
Secretary, Mrs. F. H. Ryone, East St., Tewksbury. 



82 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Ware Social Science Club, Garden Department of. 

Chairman, Mrs. Philip Palamountain, 91 Church St., Ware. 
Secretary, Mrs. Bernard W. Southworth, 116 Church St., Ware. 

Wellesley, Men's Garden Club of. 

President, Mr. Edward B. Rowe, 11 dishing Rd., Wellesley Hills. 
Secretary, Mr. Robert G. Bolles, 69 Forest St., Wellesley Hills. 

We^tborough Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Ruby W. Stone, 9 Ruggles St., Westborough. 
Secretary, Mrs. C. A. Schumann, 11 Ruggles St., Westborough. 

West Boylston Garden Club. 

Chairman, Mrs. George Kenny, Sterling. 
Secretary, Mrs. Frank E. Adams, West Boylston. 

West Bridgewater Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Joseph Burrill, 458 Matfield St., East Bridgewater. 
Seeretary, Mrs. Mason Alger, Howard St., West Bridgewater. 

West Dennis Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Edward Vogel, West Dennis. 
Seeretary, Mrs. Percy Williams, Pond St., West Dennis. 

West Newbury Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Carl Dodge, 56 Rainville Ave., Fitchburg 
Secretary, Mrs. Parker H. Nason, 347 Main St., West Newbury. 

West Newton, Educational Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. Raymond 0. Littlefield, 125 Walnut St., Newtonville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Alfred E. Thayer, 370 Austin St., West Newton. 

Whitinsville Woman's Club Garden Group. 

Chairman, Mrs. Ernest P. Barnes, 11 Spring St., Whitinsville. 
Secretary, Mrs. Edward A. Ballard, Main St., Linwood. 

Whitman Men's Garden Club. 
President, Mr. Benjamin Blnnchnrd, 153 Beulah St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Mr. Leo W. Wilniot, 18 Linden PL, Whitman. 

Whitman, Women's Garden Club of. 

President, Mrs. Merle Averill, 815 Washington St., Whitman. 
Secretary, Mrs. C. Wallace Prouty, 38 Benson St., Whitman. 

Wilbraham Woman's Club, Garden Group of . 

Leader, Mrs. Harry L. Piper, Glendale Rd., North Wilbraham. 

Winchendon Garden Club. 

President, Mrs. Theodore N. Tafleur, 413 Central St., Winchendon. 
Secretary, Mrs. Donald MacMillan, 496 Central St., Winchendon. 




p=q _ 



Necrology 



The following is a list of the number of members of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society whose deaths were re- 
ported to May 1, 1940. 



Mr. Frederick R. Abbe 
Mr. William Abe 
Mr. James E. Baker 
Mrs. Ernest W. Brigham 
Mr. Henry H. Browning 
Miss Suzanne S. Center 
Mrs. David Cheever 
Mr. Henry T. Child 
Mrs. Arthur E. Childs 
Miss Helen M. Church 
Mrs. N. F. Conant 
Mrs. Joseph A. Coolidge 
Henri Correvon, Esq. 
Mr. C. 0. Crawford 
Mr. Joseph B. Crocker 
Mr. George B. Dabney 
Mr. Philip W. Davis 
Mrs. Stephen B. Davol 
Mr. William Donald 
Mr. Dana F. Dow 
Mr. William Downs 
Mrs. Maude C. Edmands 
Mr. Charles F. Fairbanks 
Rev. Merritt A. Far r en 
Mr. Wilton B. Fay 
Miss Alice E. Fisher 
Mrs. Walter Fogg 
Miss Fanny Foster 
Mrs. Max Friedman 
Mr. Beverly T. Galloway 
Mr. George P. Gardner 
Mrs. Henry A. Getty 
Mr. S. Alpheus Gilbert 
Mr. Edward Graf 
Mrs. David S. Greenough 
Miss Sarah W. Griggs 
Mrs. Charles H. Hall 
Mr. Burt L. Hartwell 
Mrs. Oliver S. Hawes 
Mrs. Jennie Haynes 
Miss Gertrude L. Hayward 



Mr. Frederick C. Hersee 
Mrs. Frank S. Hersom 
Mr. Julius Heurlin 
Mrs. Arthur N. Hood 
Mrs. Henry N. Hudson 
Mrs. Henry S. Hunnewell 
Mr. Charles H. Innes 
Mr. Isaac S. Kelley 
Miss M. Louise Knight 
Mrs. Willis F. Knowlton 
Mr. Henry G. Lapham 
Mr. Elbridge B. Lincoln 
Miss Lucy Littell 
Mrs. Charles H. Lord 
Mr. John H. Lovell 
Mr. Joseph Manda 
Mr. Frederick H. Mansfield 
Mrs. Frank Marshall 
Mrs. Charles E. Mayer 
Miss Lillian S. Mayo 
Mrs. Edward Melius 
Mrs. J. L. Moore 
Mr. Arthur M. Morse 
Mr. John W. Morss 
Mr. James T. Morton 
Mr. T. Jefferson Newbold 
Mrs. Frederic R. Nourse 
Mrs. William A. Paine 
Miss Mary Parsons 
Miss Gertrude W. Peabody 
Mrs. Edith E. Peterson 
Miss Mabel 0. Phelps 
Mr. George A. Phillips 
Dr. John C. Phillips 
Mrs. W. P. Pratt 
Mrs. Charles D. Prescott 
Mr. John R. Prescott 
Mrs. Robert M. Read 
Miss Anna Reymann 
Rt. Rev. P. M. Rhinelander 
Mr. Charles Ripley 



84 



NECROLOGY 



85 



Mrs. Annie L. Robertson 
Mrs. Charles F. Sawyer 
Mrs. William B. Scofield 
Mrs. Charles L. Scudder 
Mr. William T. Seabury 
Miss Margaret B. Slade 
Mrs. Edgar J. Smith 
Mrs. Sidney R. Smith 
Mrs. William B. Snow 
Mr. Arthur K. Spaulding 
Mr. W. Herbert Stetson 
Mrs. Nathaniel Stevens 
Mr. Wallace I. Stimpson 



Mrs. C. I. Thayer 
Miss Susan C. Thomas 
Mrs. Washington B. Thomas 
Mrs. George W. Vaillant 
Mr. William W. Vaughan 
Miss Jennie W. Wallace 
Mr. Martin Wax 
Mrs. Channing M. Wells 
Miss Blanche G. Wetherbee 
Mr. G. Derby White 
Miss Mabel M. Wilcox 
Miss Flora B. Wright 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL 

SOCIETY 



REPORTS 

OF THE 

OFFICERS and COMMITTEES 



Presented at the 
ANNUAL MEETING. MAY 6. 1940 




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Annual Meeting^ 1940 

The annual meeting- of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society was held in Horticultural Hall at 3 P.M. on Monday, 
May 6. In the absence of the president, Mr. Webster, the 
meeting' was presided over by Mr. William Ellery, a vice- 
president. Mr. Ellery named as tellers Mr. Edwin F. Steffek 
and Miss Margaret Place and Miss Barbara Campbell. The 
secretary read the call for the meeting* and the minutes of 
the previous annual meeting", after which Mr. Ellery read the 
president's address. Reports were then presented by the 
secretary, treasurer and various committee chairmen. 

The President's Address 

Just a year ago the society voted to increase the membership 
dues from two dollars a year to three dollars. This was done 
because falling revenues had brought about a deficit for the 
two preceding years. This action caused much speculation as to 
how it would affect the membership. It was expected, of course, 
that there would be some falling* off and, as a matter of fact, 
now, at the end of one year, we know that we have lost about 
1600 members. Notwithstanding* this loss, the revenue from 
membership dues the past fiscal year has been larger than ever 
before in the society's history. It is felt by the trustees, there- 
fore, that the action taken a year ago has been entirely justified 
by the results. As a matter of fact, the response from the larger 
part of our members has been altogether gratifying. Indeed, 
many members have written us to say that they felt that three 
dollars could not be spent to greater advantage than in the form 
of membership dues in this society. 

An examination of the benefits to be derived from member- 
ship seems to warrant such a statement. Each member receives 
twenty-four issues of Horticulture each year, the privilege of 
attending the society's lectures, the privilege of drawing books 
from the library or having them sent by mail, a free ticket to 
the Spring show, a ticket to the Autumn show, and the privi- 
lege of receiving expert advice about any gardening problem 
which he or she may present. 

We feel sure that we shall have the full co-operation of all 
our members the coming year in an endeavor to add substan- 
tially to our membership rolls. This society still has several 
thousand more members than any other organization of the 

89 



90 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

kind in the country, but has long had a total of 10,000 as its 
goal. There is good reason to believe that this goal will be reached 
in the not too distant future. 

In the course of the year the society made one important 
physical change in the building by flooring over the upper half 
of the smaller exhibition hall, in this way obtaining a large 
amount of additional office room. This additional room was 
needed to accommodate various organizations wishing to have 
their headquarters here. The Garden Club Federation of Massa- 
chusetts had requested accommodations large enough to permit 
the Federation to employ a permanent secretary in order that 
it might carry on all its executive work here. This organization 
is now occupying a large room in the new section, which is 
reached from the mezzanine floor. The office is open each week- 
day except Monday from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., with Miss 
Josephine Knowles in charge. 

The other organizations which have been provided with new 
and permanent headquarters here are the Boston Mycological 
Club, the New England Gourd Society and the New England 
Gladiolus Society. No attempt is made to derive a profit from 
this arrangement. Each of these organizations pays merely a 
nominal rental at an amount about sufficient to cover our 
overhead. 

The matter of connecting the building with the new subway, 
has been under consideration for several months and this work 
probably will be done, inasmuch as the expense involved will 
not be large. The new subway provides for a passageway under 
Massachusetts Avenue from one sidewalk to the other, so that 
persons leaving Horticultural Hall and wishing to cross the 
street can reach the Symphony Hall side without going above 
ground. It is expected that this arrangement will make possible 
the use of both buildings by organizations holding large-scale 
conventions. The matter of holding the Spring flower show in 
the two buildings, because of the ease with which visitors can 
pass from one to the other, has been given some thought, but 
without arriving at any definite decision. Whatever may result 
from this proposal in the future, it has already been settled 
that next year's show will be held in Mechanics Building. 

The Spring show and other matters pertaining to the society's 
exhibitions will be reported on by the chairmen of various 
committees. It gives me pleasure to say, however, that the Spring 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 91 

show this year was much more successful in the matter of both 
attendance and revenue than the one last year. I must empha- 
size again, however, that a profit from this show is absolutely 
necessary if the various other shows throughout the season are 
to be kept free to the public, as they always have been. The 
importance of this show makes it necessary that business meth- 
ods be applied to it. At the same time, the fact is always kept 
in mind that it must have genuine aesthetic and educational 
value. 

Visitors to Horticultural Hall often are surprised at the great 
number and wide range of activities being carried on here. The 
secretary's date book shows no less than forty meetings, lectures, 
classes, sales, and various rentals in one month. 

I appreciate the great amount of work which falls upon the 
staff at the Hall and upon certain of the committees, especially 
the Exhibition Committee, the Prize Committee, the House 
Committee, and the Library Committee. I wish, therefore, to 
extend my hearty thanks to the stair" and committee members 
and to all the members of the society who have supported the 
work which we are doing. I realize that the society has many 
members who have no official position and who yet have been 
of great assistance to the organization, in some instances over 
a long term of years. My thanks and that of the full Board of 
Trustees is due them. 

Edwin S. Webster, President. 

Report of the Secretary 

As the president has told you in his address, there has been 
a falling off instead of an increase in membership the past year. 
This is rather a new experience and one which the secretary and 
staff are working hard to change. The membership, however, 
still remains twice that of any similar organization in the 
country and will again start increasing in numbers, if the 
present members will extend their assistance by speaking to 
their friends about the many privileges which the society offers 
and by sending to the secretary the names of persons who 
might be interested, if given an invitation, to become a member. 

The activities of the society have increased greatly and the 
request for advice, information, and help in various ways is 
taxing the capacity of the staff. This fact seems to bespeak a 



92 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

growing interest in horticulture itself as well as in horticul- 
tural literature. 

The president has mentioned the additional office space, made 
possible by extending the mezzanine floor over the small exhibi- 
tion hall. The Garden Club Federation of Massachusetts, the 
New England Gourd Society, the New England Gladiolus 
Society and the Boston Mycological Club have established head- 
quarters in the new offices, which they seem to find very satis- 
factory. The opening of the new rooms was made the occasion 
for an "Open House," a very pleasant event which was attended 
by about 1500 people. Almost all of the different organizations 
meeting here were represented on the committees which helped 
to make the affair the success which it proved to be. 

A successful class in general horticulture is being conducted 
this Spring by Mr. George Graves. This is an innovation, but 
one which has been so well received that it is likely to be con- 
tinued in future months. 

The society is also conducting weekly radio broadcasts over 
Station WEEI. These broadcasts are given at 9 :15 A.M. each 
Saturday morning with different speakers and a varied list of 
subjects. Many requests for printed copies of the broadcasts are 
being received and these printed copies are being sent out each 
week. Some of the broadcasts are being printed in Horticulture 
in order to give them a wider circulation. 

The society has had one bequest in the past year, the amount 
being $200. ' 

There has been an increase in the circulation of Horticulture 
in spite of the falling off in membership ; the total number of 
each issue is now 32,000. 

A series of one-dollar books, prepared under the secretary's 
direction, have been issued in the past year and have been 
widely distributed in the trade. One of them, an herb book by 
Mrs. Helen Noyes Webster, has proved so popular as to require 
a second edition. All of the books sponsored by the society are 
displayed in the secretary's office and are to be found in the 
library. They are The Gardener's Omnibus and The Gardener's 
Travel Book; The Gardener's Almanac; The Vegetable 
Garden; Ernest H. Wilson, Plant Hunter; Bock Gardens; 
Herbs; Begonias and How to Grow Them. 

There has been a marked improvement in rentals in the past 
year and the revenue from that source will be increased to some 



94 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

extent. A year ago the trustees voted to permit the resumption 
of rummage sales in this hall and the number of these sales 
now being conducted is surprisingly large. The charge made for 
the use of the halls is very moderate, however, inasmuch as all 
of these rummage sales are conducted for charitable purposes. 
The secretary wishes to thank the officers and the trustees, 
as well as the staff, for the hearty support and co-operation 
given to him throughout the year. Little could be accomplished 
without such support and co-operation. 

E. I. Farrington, Secretary. 



Report of the Treasurer 

STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AT 
DECEMBER 31, 1939 

Assets 

Cash in Banks and on hand $ 35,441.15 

Treasurer $ 23,021.12 

Bursar: In bank 10,899.67 

On hand 10.00 

Savings bank deposits 1,510.36 

$ 35,441.15 > 

Investments — Valued at cost 540,243.36 

Capital assets — see note 1 574,067.82 

Real estate $498,564.63 

Improvements and additions to buildings 28,922.72 

Library ' 46,580.47 

$574,067.82 
Deferred Charges : Spring show, 1940 4,475.54 

$1,154,227.87 
Note 1 — Depreciation on capital assets has not been provided for. 

Liabilities and Capital Funds 

Liabilities — Accounts payable $ 255.20 

Sundry Funds 451,351.73 

Special uses : Principal $162,913.73 

Unexpended income 8,594.70 

$171,508.43 

General uses : Principal 279,843.30 

$451,351.73 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 95 

Life Membership Fees $ 22,594.00 

Mount Auburn Cemetery Fund 53,446.21 

Library Cataloguing Fund 1,420.00 

Capital 564,524.70 

Surplus (Capital) ' 54,905.44 

Balance, January 1, 1939 $ 47,006.11 

Add : Gains on sales of securities 7,899.33 

$ 54,905.44 

Surplus (Earned) 5,730.59 

Balance, January 1, 1939 $ 8,746.54 

Add : Miscellaneous receipts on 1938 Spring show 40.17 

$ 8,786.71 
Deduct : 

Excess of expenditures over income $2,961.62 
Expenses paid on 1936 Spring show 3.90 
Expenses paid on 1938 Autumn show 90.60 

3,056.12 

$ 5,730.59 

$1,154,227.87 

STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENDITURES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

Income December 31, 1939 December 31, 1938 
Income from investments and 

bank interest (less proportion 

allocated to restricted funds) $23,491.10 $22,146.73 

Membership fees 17,633.50 15,963.17 

Rentals 3,880.94 2,764.51 

Spring show— 1939 16,668.85 

Spring show— 1938 19,458.50 

Incidentals 243.99 119.89 

Sundry donations 60.00 

Lantern slides — income 41.90 

Library catalogues 2.00 

$61,978.38 $60,496.70 

Add : Horticulture income .... 1,090.99 409.74 

$63,069.37 $60,906.44 



96 



MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 



Expenditures 
Operating Expenses : 

Building expenses $19,450.97 

Librae expenses 7,295.58 

Office and general expenses . 32,392.18 
Misc. exhibition expense . . . 4,993.05 

Autumn show— 1939 1,077.94 

Autumn show — 1938 

$65,209.72 

Awards, Lectures, and Miscellaneous : 

Lectures 

Medals and certificates .... 572.60 

Prizes in excess of funds . . . 248.67 

Banquet of the society 

821.27 



Excess of Expenditures Over Incom< 
Transferred to Surplus Earned . . 



$66,030.99 
$ 2,961.62 



$17,526.59 

6,669.43 

31,865.44 

4,920.51 



1,357.15 



-$62,339.12 



329.90 
517.69 

53.50 



901.09 



$63,240.21 
$ 2,333.77 



INVESTMENTS AT DECEMBER 31, 1939 

Bonds 

Rate Maturity Cost 

% Date Value 

$15,000 Alabama Power Co 5 6/1/51 $14,999.73 

5,000 Allis Chalmers Manufacturing Co 4 9/1/52 5,100.00 

2,000 American European Securities Co 5 5/1/58 1,910.00 

13,000 Anaconda Copper Mining 4y 2 10/1/50 12,863.75 

15,000 Atlantic Coast Line Railroad 4 7/1/52 14,608.11 

15,000 Central Pacific Ry. Co. Through Short 

Line 4 10/1/54 14,943.75 

15,000 Columbus Electric and Power Co 5 11/1/54 14,700.00 

15,000 Community Power & Light Co 5 3/1/57 10,836.44 

11,000 El Paso Electric Co 5 6/1/50 11,465.17 

15,000 Federal Light & Traction 6 3/1/42 15,507.88 

15,000 Florida Power & Light Co 5 1/1/54 12,979.21 

15,000 Houston Gulf Gas Co 6 4/1/43 15,672.58 

15,000 Los Angeles Electric Co. Dept. Water and 

Power 3y 2 1/15/66 15,450.00 

15,000 Louisiana Power and Light 5 12/1/57 15,634.39 

15,000 Louisville and Nashville R. R 4 7/1/40 16,151.86 

15,000 Michigan Consolidated Gas Co 4 9/1/63 15,102.50 

5,000 National Distillers 3V 2 3/1/49 5,219.62 

15,000 National Power & Light 6 8/1/2026 16,577.34 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 97 

7,650 New Orleans Public Service 5 7/1/42 $ 8,007.18 

5,000 North American Co 3\/ 2 2/1/49 5,044.62 

10,000 Panhandle Eastern Pipe Line 4 3/1/52 9,750.00 

15,000 Penn-Ohio Edison Co 6 11/1/50 12,113.91 

14,000 Potomac Edison Co 5 11/1/56 12,222.22 

20,000 Puget Sound Power & Light Co 5% 6/1/49 17,445.00 

15,000 Railway and Light Securities 11th series 4% 10/1/55 15,000.00 

12,000 Scoville Mfg. Co 5% 1/1/45 12,420.00 

15,000 Union Pacific R. R. Co 4 7/1/47 13,650.00 



Total bonds $335,375.26 

Stocks 
Shares 

50 American Can Co $ 5,650.91 

100 American Telephone & Telegraph Co 14,766.96 

100 American Tobacco "B" 10,200.23 

200 Buffalo, Niagara & Eastern Power Co. 6.4% pfd 4,150.00 

150 Commercial Credit Corp. 4 1 / 4% com. pfd } 

26 Commercial Credit Corp. common ) ' 

100 Consumers Power Co. $4.50 pfd 10,050.00 

265 136 / C00 Electric Bond and Share Co 1 

2,192 General Electric Co. common ) ' 

100 First National Bank of Boston 5,025.00 

30 Fisk Rubber Co. pfd 8,011.82 

20 International Match Realization Co. Ltd. v.t.c 3,761.25 

500 National Power and Light Co. $6 pfd 50,750.00 

160 North American Co. $3 pfd 6,871.50 

100 Northern States Power Co. 7% pfd 7,548.75 

365 Vo Radio Corporation of America Common 

500 Southern California Edison Co. 5y 2 % pfd 13,750.00 

422 Tampa Electric Co 14,657.32 

100 U. S. Smelting, Refining & Mining Co. pfd 6,750.00 

200 United Fruit Co 12,660.00 



Total stocks $204,868.10 

Summary 

Bonds $335,375.26 

Stocks 204,868.10 



Total $540,243.36 



98 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

SUNDRY FUNDS AT DECEMBER 31, 1939 
Income to Be Used for Special Purposes 

Unexpended 

Total Income Principal 

Samuel Appleton Fund $ 1,000.00 $ $ 1,000.00 

Josiah Bradley Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Library 34,037.22 4,037.22 30,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Show 20,656.00 656.00 20,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage— Porch Fund . 1,523.12 273.12 1,250.00 

John C. Chaffin Fund 1,000.89 .89 1,000.00 

William N. Craig Fund 2,694.92 194.92 2,500.00 

Benjamin B. Davis Fund 500.00 500.00 

Jackson Dawson Memorial Fund 3,553.66 326.66 3,227.00 

John S. Farlow Fund 2,525.49 25.49 2,500.00 

John S. Farlow Fund — Newton 

Horticultural Society 2,900.42 2,900.42 

Benjamin V. French Fund— No. 1 500.00 500.00 

Benjamin V. French Fund— No. 2 3,000.00 3,000.00 

John Allen French Fund 5,000.61 .61 5,000.00 

John D. Williams French Fund 11,907.48 225.60 11,681.88 

Henry A. Gane Memorial Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 1 845.50 345.50 500.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 2 2,148.87 148.87 2,000.00 

H. H. Hunnewell Fund— No. 3 1,500.00 1,500.00 

Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 

John A. Lowell Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 1 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Theodore Lyman Fund— No. 2 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Benjamin H. Pierce Fund 935.09 135.09 800.00 

Thomas Roland Fund 3,539.01 539.01 3,000.00 

John Lewis Russell Fund 1,456.08 456.08 1,000.00 

Show Fund 36,200.00 36,200.00 

William J. Walker Fund 2,355.05 .62 2,354.43 

Levi Whitcomb Fund 505.00 5.00 500.00 

George Robert White Fund 11,214.02 1,214.02 10,000.00 

Marshall P. Wilder Fund 1,010.00 10.00 1,000.00 



Total— Exhibit A .$171,508.43 $8,594.70 $162,913.73 

Income to Be Used for General Purposes 

Anonymous Funds $ 1,000.00 $ 1,000.00 

Albert Cameron Burrage Fund 1,200.00 1,200.00 

John Chaney Fund 1,000.00 1,000.00 

Helen Collamore Fund 5,000.00 5,000.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 99 

Arthur F. Estabrook Legacy $ 50,000.00 $ 50,000.00 

Ida F. Estabrook Legacy 11,638.76 11,638.76 

Caroline S. Freeman Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Frances Brown Hayes Bequest 189,904.54 189,904.54 

Frances Brown Hayes Fund 10,000.00 10,000.00 

Margaret Whitney Legacy 100.00 100.00 

Total $279,843.30 $279,843.30 

INCOME AND EXPENSES OF THE SPRING SHOWS 
IN 1939 AND 1938 

Income Spring Show, 1939 Spring Show, 1938 
Tickets : 

Regular admissions $40,812.90 $47,216.85 

Trade tickets 3,060.75 3,642.25 

Students' tickets ' 96.50 97.75 

Members' tickets 8,001.25 9,340.80 

Garden Club tickets 11,321.65 10,788.75 

$63,293.05 $71,086.40 

Trade space 9,312.87 9,827.15 

Restaurant 1,008.24 1,140.47 

Flower booth 5,136.07 4,561.69 

Less : Flower booth expense 4,048.76 3,694.86 

1,087.31 866.83 

Programs 1,705.51 1,974.44 

Check room 301.05 504.25 

Supplies sold 813.65 

Less : Cost of supplies sold .... 781.55 

32.10 

Allied Arts Commission 25.00 

Miscellaneous .30 

$76,740.43 $85,424.54 

Expenditures 

Carting $ 182.50 $ 278.28 

Committee expense 42.50 204.75 

Committee fees 295.00 225.00 

Decorating 2,455.93 10,213.85 

Garden Club expense 7,100.00 750.00 

Insurance 231.58 331.58 

Judges' expense 1,056.31 406.39 

Labor 2,648.66 3,170.75 

Manager's commission and salary 4,104.32 4,411.22 

Manager's expenses 105.55 90.17 

Music 139.37 1,490.00 

Plant material and forcing 667.25 2,345.85 



100 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Police $ 400.00 $ 500.00 

Postage, stationery and supplies 596.37 511.45 

Printing 414.18 493.77 

Prizes, medals and certificates . . 16,781.11 19,965.95 

Publicity 8,504.62 8,936.65 

Rentals 8,304.64 9,811.92 

Rubbish removal 300.00 300.00 

Telephone 115.07 150.14 

Wheel chairs— net 40.10 35.85 

Miscellaneous 5,586.52 1,342.47 

60,071.58 65,966.04 



Excess of Income Over Expenditures $16,668.85 $19,458.50 

AUTUMN SHOW, 1939 
Income 

Tickets $2,206.80 

Decorating 39.30 

Miscellaneous 25.15 

$2,271.25 

Expenses 

Salary 60.00 

Advertising 330.95 

Signs 22.07 

Printing 18.50 

Supplies 27.50 

Postage 83.75 

Prizes 2,284.00 

Garden awards 275.00 

Medals and certificates 9.92 

Prize committee fees 50.00 

Judges' expense 35.00 

Exhibition committee's fee 35.00 

Decorating 82.00 

Incidentals 35.50 

3,349.19 

Net Loss $1,077.94 

MISCELLANEOUS EXHIBITION EXPENSE 

Tear Ended Tear Ended 

December December 

31, 1939 31, 1938 

Salary $3,266.80 $3,260.00 

Printing 502.50 462.00 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 101 

Stationery and postage $ 13.04 $ 

Supplies 245.53 266.71 

Advertising 104.00 125.00 

Exhibition committee fees 210.00 260.00 

Prize committee fees 120.00 115.00 

Traveling 201.86 117.11 

Judges' expense 42.55 

Decorating and signs 187.50 

Repairs 34.64 

Incidentals 64.63 220.88 

Miscellaneous 93.81 



Total $4,993.05 $4,920.51 

LIBRARY EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1939 31, 1938 

Salaries $5,373.98 $5,039.78 

Binding and repairs 1,356.16 1,373.15 

Books and periodicals 2.73 2.47 

Printing 59.50 40.60 

Stationery and postage 157.16 57.83 

Supplies 520.99 144.25 

Insurance 9.60 9.60 

Incidentals . . . . , .75 1.75 

Repairs 28.50 

$7,503.91 $6,669.43 

Less : Income from Nathaniel T. Kidder Fund 208.33 

Total $7,295.58 $6,669.43 

OFFICE AND GENERAL EXPENSES 

Year Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1939 31, 1938 

Salaries $18,712.51 $18,773.81 

Stationery and postage 2,274.93 2,668.72 

Printing 1,483.51 1,227 '.84 

Supplies and equipment 611.71 362.58 

Telephone and telegraph 816.43 740.39 

Traveling 211.21 117.30 

Subscriptions of members to Horticulture 6,446.19 6,650.19 



102 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Incidentals $ 352.80 $ 712.82 

Repairs 74.99 84.95 

Photos and slides 528.55 

Publicity 386.40 

Binding 13.75 

Miscellaneous 479.20 526.84 



Total $32,392.18 $31,865.44 

"HORTICULTURE" 
STATEMENT OF INCOME AND EXPENSES 

Tear Ended Year Ended 

Income December 31, 1939 December 31, 1938 

Advertising $25,251.10 $24,184.14 

Subscriptions 26,345.60 23,677.80 

Books 2,849.02 438.75 

Garden Club News 4,998.08 3,907.83 

Royalties and commissions .... 1,358.65 499.21 

Miscellaneous 283.69 297.31 

$61,086.14 $53,005.04 

Expenses 

Printing $22,954.56 $19,129.56 

Paper 10,335.66 10,505.01 

Cuts 3,005.00 2,833.79 

Wrappers 396.42 425.91 

Postage 4,777.97 4,649.31 

Books 1,844.06 118.58 

Garden Club News 3,373.61 3,169.61 

Commissions and discounts .... 4,409.42 3,963.68 

Contributions 1,756.26 1,518.78 

Salaries 4,091.02 4,084.00 

Miscellaneous 3,051.17 2,197.07 

59,995.15 52,595.30 

Net Income $ 1,090.99 $ 409.74 

Note — The financial records of Horticulture are kept on a cash receipts and 
payment basis. The amounts due from advertisers and others, and the 
indebtedness for paper, printing, etc., are not reflected in the above 
statement. 




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104 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

BUILDING EXPENSE 

Tear Ended Year Ended 

December December 

31, 1939 31, 1938 

Labor $10,909.30 $10,767.00 

Supplies 342.65 211.05 

Heating 1,424.09 1,294.64 

Lighting 1,612.34 1,440.32 

Repairs and upkeep 2,486.20 1,693.95 

Insurance 1,793.69 1,448.99 

Incidentals 882.70 670.64 

Total $19,450.97 $17,526.59 

Bespectfully submitted, 

John S. Ames, Treasurer. 

Report of the Library Committee 

During 1939, the services of the library increased substan- 
tially, notwithstanding a falling off in the number of applica- 
tions for membership in the society. About 980 active 
borrowers, some of them living as far away as Florida and 
Michigan, make use of the library in the course of a year. 
Our only measure of activity is the number of books loaned. 
In 1939, we loaned 5087 volumes, a decrease of only 135 
from the preceding year. 

At the end of 1939 the book collection comprised 26,377 
bound volumes, 522 of which were added during the year. 
Several gifts were received which, in addition to books, 
included nursery catalogues and autochrome plates. 

An unusually large number of books was published during 
the year, and the quality, on the whole, was above the average. 
These books have been in constant demand. Borrowers on the 
waiting list have been supplied as fast as possible, partly by 
the purchase of extra copies of the more popular publications. 
Unless a book is of only passing interest, we have been able 
to provide a copy for every six readers, in contrast with the 
Boston Public Library, which had a demand of eighty readers 
a copy for a certain "best seller." 

Even though we mail more than thirteen hundred packages 
a year, we lose very few books. An inventory made last Winter 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 105 

showed one hundred and three volumes missing from the 
shelves. Forty-one of these were carried over from the inven- 
tory of 1934, leaving sixty-two, or an average loss of twelve 
volumes a year. Some of these losses are accounted for, and 
others are sure to be explained in the course of time. 

The European war has forced magazines into temporary 
suspension or merging in a few cases, especially in France, 
but the publication of books and magazines in England has 
been almost normal. 

The prizes offered by Horticulture for garden club year- 
books have brought to us a collection of club year-books of 
exceptional interest and value. After prizes are awarded the 
year-books are always placed on exhibition, and constitute 
one of the most successful displays of the year. Club officers, 
program chairmen, and members study them eagerly. This 
year we expanded the usefulness of these year-books by form- 
ing three travelling-collections. Since December these collec- 
tions have been in constant demand. Calls for them have come 
even from California and Alabama, and reservations have 
already been made for next September. The collections go to 
other horticultural societies, to garden centres, and to individ- 
ual clubs, where they are again used in planning future 
activities. 

The most important event to be reported is the beginning 
of the reclassification and recataloguing of the library. Every 
active library must do this work since the borders of knowledge 
are constantly expanding, and as the use and significance of 
a collection of books also changes. An old-fashioned shelving 
system and catalogue soon become unwieldly and difficult to 
use. They are wasteful of time and energy as they leave too 
much to the personal knowledge of the staff. Our own librarian 
has been constantly working against these obstacles while the 
activities of the library have steadily increased. The task of 
modernization is being performed without interruption of the 
services rendered to readers, and as rapidly as circumstances 
permit. 

Oakes Ames, Chairman. 



106 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Committee on Exhibitions 

With the increased efficiency of organization, thanks to the 
full co-operation of Mr. Farrington, who has attended most 
of the meetings, and exhibition manager, Mr. Nehrling, fewer 
meetings were necessary than in the previous year. Mr. 
Nehrling's work in organizing the data to be considered by the 
committee has been remarkably efficient. Thirteen meetings 
were held, two of them being joint meetings with the Prize 
Committee. Considering the great amount of detail work with 
which the committee is charged, it is distinctly gratifying that 
we have been able to reduce the number of regular meetings. 
All meetings have been well attended. Factors that have 
favored the efficiency of the committee work have been not only 
the co-operation received from officials of the Horticultural 
Society, including President Edwin S. Webster, but the 
excellent attendance records by individual members of the 
committee, their careful and critical consideration of the 
multitudinous problems presented to the group, and the 
co-operation we have received from the Prize Committee and 
exhibitors. 

The policies outlined in the last report of this committee 
have been consistently followed as to standards of exhibits, 
principles and policies of the society, objectives of the various 
exhibitions, and the educational, practical, and horticultural 
value of the shows. It has been fully realized that to attract" 
and hold the public attention at the larger exhibits, color and 
attractiveness is essential, yet at the same time the educational 
features of the shows have not been sacrificed or overlooked in 
any significant detail to attain a more or less spectacular end. 

It is realized that with sufficient financial support greater 
and possibly more numerous shows could be arranged, but in 
all its deliberations the committee has constantly kept in mind 
the maxim that under no circumstances should it exceed the 
budget in authorizing expenditures for exhibition purposes. 
It has kept within the budget for the year, and is in the favor- 
able position of being able to report that the profits from the 
Spring Show were in excess of the estimates, and that this 
fortunately favorable balance enables the society to meet its 
obligations without retrenchment and to finance the numerous 
smaller shows for which no admission charge is made. It is 







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108 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

fortunate, indeed, that the Society is thus in a position to serve 
horticultural interests outside of its own membership in the 
interests of public service and education. 

During the year the following shows were held, the 
attendance for each indicated except in one case where no 
record was kept: Camellia Show; Daffodil Show (including 
an Azalea exhibit on the third day) 3,096; Tulip Show, 2,745; 
June Show, 5,151; Gladiolus Show, 3,652*; Dahlia Show, 
4,651* ; Fruits and Vegetable Show, 7,611 ; Autumn Show, 
7,063; Spring Show, 94,487. All the exhibitions except the 
Spring Show were held at Horticultural Hall. 

All of the exhibitions attained the high standards of the 
society, thanks to the cordial co-operation that has prevailed 
between all groups and committees representing the society, 
and the individual exhibitors. The fact has already been men- 
tioned that the great Spring Show was staged within its 
budgetary allowance, and it was, furthermore, one of the most 
attractive exhibits fostered by the society in recent years. It 
is not possible, within the limits of a short summary report, to 
mention all of the outstanding features of the various shows. 
Among the smaller exhibitions, the Fall Fruit and Vegetable 
Show was one of the most outstanding exhibits staged in Horti- 
cultural Hall in many years, and the regular Autumn Show 
was most attractive. In those shows devoted to individual 
groups, such as the Camellia, Daffodil, Tulip, Gladiolus *and 
Dahlia Shows,* the society enjoyed the full co-operation of a 
large number of individuals and organizations specializing in 
this or that particular group. 

At the Spring Show very full and cordial co-operation was 
received from the Massachusetts Nurserymen's Association 
that sponsored the most attractive exhibits in Grand Hall; 
everybody concerned did his very best to make the displays 
attractive, educational, and outstanding, and those who were 
fortunate to see the exhibition have a full realization of the 
vast amount of work involved in attaining an attractive whole ; 
— this could only have been accomplished through cordial and 
hearty co-operation on the part of all concerned. To the garden 

*The gladiolus show and the dahlia show were staged by the New England 
Gladiolus Society and the Dahlia Society of New England respectively, with the 
co-operation of this committee. 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 109 

clubs we are also indebted for the most attractive rose garden 
staged under their auspices and for the flower arrangements. 
The nature trail sponsored by Mrs. S. V. R.. Crosby and staged 
by W. C. Curtis, was an educational exhibit of distinct value ; 
and in the field of education it is felt that mention should be 
made of the remarkable soilless culture exhibit staged by the 
Waltham Field Station of the Massachusetts State College, 
which was thronged with visitors from the opening to the 
closing hour each day. 

The Exhibition Committee is especially grateful for the full 
and hearty co-operation it has received from the Prize Com- 
mittee, the policy of holding certain joint meetings of the 
two committees each year being most fruitful. In this connec- 
tion, Mr. William Ellery has given generously of his time and 
has been a constant attendant at the meetings of our com- 
mittee. In its dealings with individual exhibitors, representa- 
tives of commercial organizations, estate owners, and organiza- 
tions interested in particular groups of plants, all of whom are 
interested in the attractiveness and the success of the numerous 
shows sponsored by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, 
the Exhibition Committee has maintained most cordial rela- 
tions, and our success as a committee is largely due to the 
prevailing spirit of co-operation that is so essential to the 
success of the organization as a whole. The general attitude 
of the committee has been careful to consider all propositions 
appertaining to exhibits, to listen to complaints and protests 
with an open mind, to make such adjustments as seem to be 
mutually satisfactory, and to work for the best interests of 
all concerned. 

The committee is always interested in reactions of the public 
in reference to special and general exhibits, welcomes construc- 
tive criticisms and suggestions on the part of exhibitors, and 
its general policy is an open and unprejudiced attitude towards 
all problems that come before it. The chairman is grateful for 
the constant and disinterested labors of all members of the 
group who have devoted their best efforts to furtherance of 
the work with which the committee is charged. 

Ray M. Koon, Chairman. 



110 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

Report of the Committee on Prizes 

As your Committee on Prizes has acquired more experience 
and the work has been further systematized, less confusion 
has been apparent during the various shows this year. There 
have been almost no protests of any kind. The committee feels 
that the credit for this fine record should go partly to the 
judges who have served during the past year, for their fine 
impartiality in judging, and partly to the many exhibitors for 
their co-operative attitude. A mutual spirit of helpfulness and 
friendliness has animated both groups. 

During the year there have been nine shows with a total 
of 121 judges serving. This number includes, of course, some 
names more than once. In many fields, only a limited number 
of judges is available. 

As many of the members of the society know, we maintain a 
card index of judges who are. expert in various classes of 
judging. The committee is always in need of new names for 
this file and we cannot urge your co-operation in this matter top 
strongly. The longer the list, the fewer times will we need to 
ask judges to repeat. This list should be as comprehensive as 
possible. 

This year, the committee has continued the policy of award- 
ing gold medals only to really outstanding exhibits of the 
highest distinction. However, we have felt that there were 
more such exhibits than usual this year; therefore, 36 gold 
medals have been awarded. All but nine of these medals were 
awarded at the Spring show. Thirty-four silver medals and 
13 bronze medals were also given out during the year. 

The only change in our methods has been the increased 
number of joint meetings with the Committee on Exhibitions. 
The two committees have met together several times and this 
has resulted in much closer co-operation. In the past, the 
two committees have not always been fully conscious of the 
necessities and complications of each other's work. This new 
system has obviated any feeling of lack of co-operation between 
the two committees. 

Another progressive step has been the new practice of 
sending reports of the meetings of both committees to all the 
members of both committees. With such complete understand- 



ANNUAL MEETING, 1940 111 

ing we feel that future committees can work together very 
closely for constantly improving shows. 

The Committee on Prizes is very grateful for the friendly 
helpfulness of the Trustees, the staff of Horticultural Hall 
and the society's members in general. We feel sure that same 
helpful attitude will continue toward the new committee. 

James Methven, Chairman. 

Report of the Committee on the Exhibition of 
the Products of Children's Gardens 

In spite of the extremely dry 1939 growing season all 
available space in Horticultural Hall was occupied by the 
exhibits of the products of the children's gardens at the annual 
exhibition. Entries exceeded the number for 1938 and the 
quality of the flowers and vegetables was outstanding, when 
one considers the season and the age and experience of the 
exhibitors. 

In the school and home garden section the children of the 
Boston public schools won many prizes. The children from the 
Brockton schools staged excellent exhibits and had the second 
largest number of entries. The class for a roadside stand of 
fruits, vegetables and flowers attracted a number of new 
exhibitors, thus making real competition. The stand staged by 
the Jamaica Plain High School, Boston, received the first prize. 

The judges had a real job on their hands in some of the 
individual classes, where there were many entries. Green 
tomatoes seemed very popular and that class, alone, had about 
90 entries. 

Class No. 6, introduced in 1938 for the first time, also showed 
a marked increase in entries. This is for educational exhibits 
demonstrating some phase of gardening. 

The 4-H Club section had more than the usual number of 
exhibits in both vegetable and flower classes. While entries in 
individual classes were less than in the school and home garden 
section, the quality of the exhibits was outstanding. Without 
any question some of the winning plates would have been 
winners in the adult shows. 

The judging contest held on Friday morning attracted over 
fifty contestants from various parts of Massachusetts. Any 
one exhibiting in the show, whether a 4-H club member or not, 



112 MASSACHUSETTS HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY 

was eligible to participate in this contest and compete for 
medals offered by the State Department of Agriculture. 

Considering the very unfavorable season, the show far 
exceeded the expectations of the committee. 

As in former years, I offered 30 medals in 1939 for boys and 
girls under 18 years of age who maintained their gardens in 
the best condition during the season. 

A list of those to whom the medals were awarded appears 
in the list of awards on another page in this Year Book. These 
medals are greatly appreciated by the young men and women 
and, I am sure, have done much to encourage better gardening 
throughout the state. 

Marian Koby Case, Chairman. 

The Result of the Balloting 

At 6 P. M. the polls were closed, 86 votes having been cast, 
and the following were declared elected : 

President, Mr. Edwin S. Webster 
Vice-President, Mr. William Ellery 
Trustees, Mr. George W. Butterworth 
Mr. Winthrop L. Carter 
Mrs. John Gardner Coolidge 
Mrs. S. V. R. Crosby 
Mr. Walter Hunnewell 




Miss Elizabeth Woolley presenting the popularity trophy to 

Harlan P. Kelsey for his bog garden at the 1940 

Spring Flower Show in Boston. 



Massachusetts Horticultural Society 

CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 

1925 Rudolph D. Anstead, Bournemouth, England. 

1889 Dr. L. H. Bailey, Ithaca, New York. 

1925 F. R. S. Balfour, F.L.S., Dawyck, Stobo, Tweeddale, Scotland. 

1911 W. J. Bean, 2, Mortlake Road, Kew, England. 

1918 Desire Bois, Paris, France. 

1925 I. H. Burkill, F.L.S., "Clova," Fetcham Park, Leatherhead, 

Surrey, England. 
1921 Fred J. Chittenden, Royal Horticultural Society, Vincent 

Square, Westminster, London, England. 
1925 Woon Young Chun, Sun Yat Sen University, Canton, China. 
1925 G. W. Darnell- Smith, Director of the Sydney Botanic Gardens, 

Sydney, New South Wales. 

1925 Henry F. duPont, Winterthur, Delaware. 

1925 Pierre S. duPont, Wilmington, Delaware. 

1925 Charles C. Eley, M. A., F.L.S., Suffolk, England. 

1925 G. Fraser, Ucuelet, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. 

1925 W. G. Freeman, B.S.C., F.L.S., Imperial Institute, South 
Kensington, London S.W.7, England. 

1918 Professor N. E. Hansen, Brookings, South Dakota. 

1911 Professor U. P. Hedrick, Geneva, New York. 

1925 Sir Arthur W. Hill, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Royal Botanic 

Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England. 
1925 Professor H. H. Hu, Fan Memorial Institute of Biology, Peking, 

China. 
1925 Mrs. C. L. Hutchinson, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. 
1925 Charles W. Knight, Oakdale, New York. 
1921 C. E. Lane-Poole, Canberra, Australia. 
1925 C. C. Laney, Rochester, N. Y. 
1911 M. Emile Lemoine, Nancy, France. 
1925 Sir J. S. Maxwell, Bart, K.T., Pollok House, near Glasgow, 

Scotland. 
1918 J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. 
1925 John McLaren, San Francisco, California. 
1925 Mrs. William Mercer, Doylestown, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Dr. Kingo Miyabe, Imperial University, Sapparo, Japan. 
1898 Sir Frederick W. Moore, F.L.S., Willbrook House, Rathfarn- 

ham, Co. Dublin, Ireland. 

114 



CORRESPONDING MEMBERS 115 

1918 Dr. George T. Moore, Botanical Gardens, St. Louis, Missouri. 

1925 F. Cleveland Morgan, Montreal, Canada. 

1925 M. L. Parde, Nogent-sur-Vernisson (Loiret), France. 

1925 I. B. Pole-Evans, C.M.G., Chief of Division and Director, 

Botanical Survey, Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa. 
1906 Lt.-Col. Sir David Prain, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., Warlingham, 

Surrey, England. 
1925 Miss Isabella Preston, Ottawa, Canada. 
1925 Johannes Rafn, Skovfrokontoret, Copenhagen, Denmark. 
1906 Dr. Henry N. Ridley, C.M.G., F.R.S., F.L.S., M.A., Kew, 

Surrey, England. 
1925 Camillo Schneider, c/o Gartenschonheit, Berlin- Westend, 

Germany. 
1925 F. L. Skinner, Dropmore, Manitoba. 
1925 Sir William Wright Smith, F.L.S., Royal Botanic Garden, 

Edinburgh, Scotland. 

1893 Professor William Trelease, Urbana, Illinois. 

1918 F. Gomer Waterer, Knaphill, Surrey, England. 

1925 Cyril T. White, Government Botanist, Brisbane, Queensland, 
Australia. 

1921 Gurney Wilson, Secretary Royal Horticultural Society Orchid 

Committee, Vincent Square, London S.W.I, England. 
1925 John C. Wister, Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 
1925 Major A. C. T. Woodward, Bewdley, Worcestershire, England. 



Bequest to the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

It is hoped by the Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
that it will not be forgotten by members who find it expedient 
to make their wills. This Society's financial condition is sound 
and its investments are good, but the income from many of its 
investments has declined because of decreased returns from its 
bond holdings. Expenses have naturally increased with the 
constantly growing membership, and more money is needed to 
extend the activities of the Society beyond its present limits. 
The following form of bequest is suggested : 

FORM OF BEQUEST 



I give and bequeath to the Massachusetts Horticultural 

Society located in Boston, Massachusetts, the sum of 

to be used as the Board of Trustees 

may direct for the promotion of horticulture in its various 
forms and for extending the activities of the Society along 
educational lines. 

Signed